Basden, George Thomas. Among the Ibos of Nigeria: An Account of the Curious & Interesting Habits, Customs & Beliefs of a Little Known African People by One Who Has for Many Years Lived amongst Them on Close & Intimate Terms. London: Seeley, Service, 1921.
AbstractThe Religious System of the Amazulu
Izinyanga Zokubula;or,Divination,as existing amongthe Amazulu,in their own wordswith a translation into English,and notesbyThe Rev. Canon Callaway, M.D.
Text in English and Zulu.
From this edition:"This book was originally issued in parts, No. i. to iii. having been completed. Nothing further than this was ever issued and the volume therefore remains unfinished. On the cover of the last part issued was the following paragraph, which shows how much has been lost by the non-issue of the fourth part:--
"It was intended to conclude this Volume with the Part now issued; but it appeared that the subject would be incomplete without adding a Part on Medical Magic and Witchcraft, which accordingly will form the subject of Part IV. Whether I shall be able to do more than complete this Volume, or even to complete it, must depend on the interest taken in the work by others. If they do not exert themselves to increase its circulation it must be discontinued, as it is probable the Government grant will be withdrawn during or at the end of the year."
All the copies remaining unsold were presented to the FOLK-LORE SOCIETY (for distribution to the members) by the Author, the Right Reverend the Bishop of St. John's, Kaffraria (Dr. Callaway). The Council ordered an index to be prepared, which will no doubt prove of considerable use to students, and make the Society's volume of greater value than those already in circulation. The volume is issued as one of the publication for the year 1884.
G. L. GOMME."
From the Sacred Texts website:
The Religious System of the Amazulu "This book is composed of a series of interviews conducted by Callaway with Zulu informants, of which only the answers of the natives to Callaway's questions are usually given. As such, it is made up primarily of prose explanations of concepts and ideas that Callaway, a more or less sympathetic English missionary, found to be of interest. There are no sacred narratives, transcriptions of ceremonies, or anything else of that nature, although the book is still interesting, and in many ways more informative than it might be otherwise. In the book, the Zulu originals are presented in parallel columns alongside the English translations. ...please be aware that this book cuts off in mid-sentence at the end. We have checked a number of copies of this book and the card catalogs for the British Library and the Library of Congress, and this is apparently the way that the book was printed, and not just an error in the copy used for scanning or with this edition." [source: http://www.sacred-texts.com/afr/rsa/note.htm]
Henry Callaway (1817 - 1890) was a missionary for the Church of England and bishop of St John's, Kaffraria, in the Church of the Province of Southern Africa. In 1858, he was granted land near the Umkomazi...and he began his study of the Zulu people, their religious beliefs and other customs and obtained the information which enabled him to write his books "Nursery Tales", "Traditions, and Histories of the Zulus" (published in 1868) and "The Religious System of the Amazulu" (published in 1870). He also translated the "Book of Psalms" and the "Book of Common Prayer" into the Zulu language. [source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Callaway]
The Zulu (amaZulu) are a Bantu ethnic group of Southern Africa and the largest ethnic group in South Africa, with an estimated 10–12 million people living mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal. [source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zulu_people]
Unkulunkulu; or, the Tradition of Creation as Existing among the Amazulu and other tribes of South Africa. Utikxo The Lord of Heaven
Part II. Amatongo; or, Ancestor Worship. Ukwaba equivalent to Create. The people do not worship all Amatongo indifferently. The Amatongo are felt in the Shoulders. The Amatongo reveal Medicines, &c, in dreams. A man's Itongo resembles him in character. A Doctor of Medicine deceived by the Itongo. How the Amatongo are worshipped. The mode of slaughtering a Bullock. Laying the Spirit of Divination. How to distinguish Snakes which are Amatongo from common Snakes. Men turn into many kinds of Animals. The order in which the Amatongo are worshipped. Tale of an Imamba. Removing from one country to another. Royal Attendants. Izalukazana (Isalukazana) Crying at the Holes from which Medicines have been dug. Sneezing. Vows to Sacrifice to the Amatongo. Dreams, &c. The Amatongo make revelations by Dreams. Ecstasy and Dreams. Uguaise's Dream. Subjective Appartitions. Inkasazana (Princess or Little Chieftainess).
Part III. Izinyanga Zokubula; or, Diviners. The Initiation of a Diviner. The Doctor of Divination, the Isanusi, Ibuda, or Umungoma. The Diviner mistaken. The Account of Ukanzi. Consulting the Diviner. To bar the way against the Amatongo and against disease supposed to be occasioned by them. Divining with Sticks and Bones. Magical Practices. Other modes of divining. Chiefs divine. The Chief's Vessel. Divining by Familiar Spirits. Another account. Heaven-Doctors, &c. Heaven-herds (Sky-herds). Rain-doctors. The Sky, Sun, Moon, and Stars. The SUn, Moon, and Stars. The Male and Female Heavens. The Smiting of the Heaven. Treating the Heaven. Heaven-Medicine. The Insingizi and Ingqungqulu. Magical Songs.
Part IV. Abatakati; or, Medical Magic, and Witchcraft. The Strength of Medicines. It is difficult to drink out of the Cup of a Chief. The Magic of Ufaku. Intelezi. Intelezi for Soldiers. The Bird-doctor.
Crowther, Samuel, and John Christopher Taylor. The Gospel on the Banks of the Niger: Journals and Notices of the Native Missionaries Accompanying the Niger Expedition of 1857-1859. London: Church Missionary House, 1859.
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