AbstractAdoption of rhetorical devices is evident in the preaching of contemporary Pentecostal churches in Durban, South Africa. Rhetorical devices and shrewd unconventionality, which place a twist on those devices adopted, are frequently found in contemporary sermons and preaching activities, but categories of rhetoric suitable for preaching (homiletics) remain as yet unidentified. Arguably, preaching or sermons can be seen as religiously-motivated campaigns or discourses, while professional communication can be seen as persuasive communication towards social or communicative engagement. This article investigates the adoption and adaptation of rhetorical devices which influence preaching and communication and follows from an understanding of professional communication and sacred rhetoric. The paper reports issues surrounding the perceived adaptation of rhetoric in enhancing preacher's sermons and the dissemination of religious discourse to congregants. A qualitative analysis was used to identify those categories of rhetorical device suitable for both Biblical preaching and professional communication. The findings indicate that rhetorical devices are productive features in sermons and professional communication, and their use signifies a movement towards the communication of two fundamentals: body and spirit. A qualitative analysis shows that in the field of professional communication communicators adapt professionalism in their discourse with mind and body, whilst across sacred communication, preachers adopt emotions and spirituality.
Adeboye, Enoch A. Signs and Wonders of the Spoken Word. Sermon video, 56:53. Given at the annual Holy Ghost Congress of the Redeemed Christian Church of God, Redemption Camp, Ogun State, Nigeria, 10-15 December, 2012. Posted 28 November, 2013.
Abstract“Name it and claim it!” “Just have faith!” “Give and you will get!” Catchphrases like this have convinced many Christians that trusting in God will bring health and wealth. But the gospel does not promise prosperity without pain or salvation without sanctification. Femi Adeleye draws on his wide-ranging experience as he examines the appeal and peril of this new gospel of prosperity that has made deep inroads in Africa, as well as in the West.
Aidoo, Mark S. Journeying with Ruth on a Mission: Expositions in the Book of Ruth from an African Perspective. Theologische Impulse Der Missionsakademie 21. Hamburg: Missionsakademie an der Universität Hamburg Rupertistr, 2023.
AbstractIn the past few dacadesm Africa has experiences a deluge of chruch growth and expansion. This is a sharp contrast to the decline witnessed in chruch attendance in the western world. Can this seeming revival be sustained considering the manner in which the pulput ministry is handled as seen on televesions, radios, internet, crusade grounds and in several churches all around? This book is a contrubution to address this dire situation. It is an ettempt to addresssome of the errors found on pulits in Africa today. It containc many of the author's personal observations, those of colleagues in ministry, those of students going through Seminary training, and those of several church mmembers who are not satisfied with what they see happening each Sunday in their churches. As the problems are identified, solutions are suggested from an African and Biblical perspective.
Ajibade, Ezekiel A. “Engaging a World Homiletic.” Evangelical Homiletics Society 23, no. 1 (March 2023): 12–30.
AbstractThis essay seeks to examine images of preachers—biblical and traditional—on the Nigerian public sphere, with an aim to reflect on what is in the light of what ought to be. It seeks to explore biblical ideals of preachers and attempts to reconcile those with prevalent contemporary reality in Nigeria. To do this, the essay will first explore the concept of public sphere and, after this, discuss how the public sphere shapes perceptions and images people have of preachers. In the end, it will recommend three images that may best represent the biblical ideal while also resonating with the African cultural milieu.
Ajibade, Ezekiel A. “Mother-Tongue Hermeneutics as a Tool for Effective Biblical Preaching in Africa.” Practical Theology (Baptist College of Theology, Lagos) 9 (2016): 106–23.
AbstractSermon note-taking has long been practiced in various “church cultures,” and some may wonder about the future of the practice. Challenges to note-taking include secondary orality, the emergence of the digitoral generation, and the technologization of the world. This paper, engages with homiletics, systematic theology, communication studies, and discipleship studies to demonstrate the relevance of note-taking for enhancing listener engagement during the sermon. First, ,this paper will suggest a biblical and theological premise for note-taking. Second, it will investigate the relationship of note-taking to good listening and journaling. Third, it will describe methods of effective note-taking for both oral and digitoral sermon hearers. Fourth, it will discuss the criticism that note-taking is a distraction to the listeners. This paper will show that note-taking is still practiced by church-goers, and that while it should be encouraged, it should not be forced on worshippers in any way.
Ajibade, Ezekiel A. Common Pulpit Errors and Solutions. African Christian Preachers 1. Ibadan: Baptist Press, 2016.
AbstractHow can expository preaching, rooted in a textual analysis of Scripture, be effectively utilized in oral cultures? In Expository Preaching in Africa, Ezekiel A. Ajibade engages this challenge directly, offering practical techniques for integrating African oral elements - such as myths, proverbs, folklore, dance, drama, poetry, and storytelling - into preaching that is both biblical and African. Alongside numerous examples and tools, Ajibade provides a rich overview of the nature of orality, the history and development of African preaching, and the reason biblical exposition must be central to gospel proclamation. He reminds us that it is the word of God, incarnated among us, that has the power to transform lives and revitalize nations. Contextualized expository preaching is not, therefore, one technique to be utilized among many; it is, rather, the heart of biblical teaching and the future of the African church. While contributing significantly to studies in contextualization and homiletics, this book is immediately applicable to practitioners, especially African preachers and those working in oral contexts.
Ajibade, Ezekiel A., and Kehinde Olusanya, eds. Gospel Preaching: The Process, the Power and the Product. Ogbomose: Kingdom Impact Publishing and Media Limited, 2021.
Akinbobola, Philips S., and Ezekiel A. Ajibade, eds. Gospel Proclamation for Transformation: A Festschrift in Honor of Rev. Victor A. Olaiya. Ogbomose: Kingdom Impact Publishing and Media Limited, 2021.
AbstractThe paper discusses the reverential use of the pulpit as the place where the Word of God is proclaimed and applied (GIRM 136). Guided by this sacred place of proclamation, the congregation ideally should be helped to interpret life from the perspective of the Gospel. Today, unfortunately, the pulpit provides minimal guidance to Christians in the mainstream churches (especially Catholic Church). The immediate consequence of not using the pulpit to educate the worshippers is that the members lack sources to fall back to in moments of social decisions. As a panacea to the above concerns, this work employs analytical method to demonstrate that the ideals of Christian/liturgical preaching should always guide this means of evangelisation. Oblivious of the import of partisan politics, pastors and pastoral agents must stand up to use the pulpit to conscientize the populace and foster social responsibility especially in view of the forth-coming 2019 General Elections in Nigeria and other African nations. They may sometimes need to help the congregation to recognize something happening within their environment. The paper concludes with the fact that active, conscious, full and socio-communitarian participation would signal the liturgical use of the pulpit to understand the weight of their social responsibility.
Anderson, Victor D. “Learning from African Preachers: Preaching as Worship Experience.” The Journal of the Evangelical Homiletics Society 10, no. 2 (September 2010): 83–104.
AbstractThe goal of this paper is to challenge Western Evangelicals to foreground worship in their conception of preaching. The central argument begins with the contention that we unintentionally elevate the teaching and learning elements of preaching and devalue worship. This contention comes into focus as we contrast our own conceptions of preaching with those of others from different cultures, particularly evangelicals from Africa. The paper draws heavily on firsthand doctoral research from rural Ethiopia where preaching is conceived of primarily as a worship experience in which the preacher seeks to produce for the audience a direct encounter with God’s presence. The essay concludes by proposing several suggestions that help homileticians re'position worship as a central feature of the preaching task.
Asamoah-Gyadu, J. Kwabena. Holy Spirit Our Comforter: An Exercise in Homiletic Pneumatology. Accra: Step Books, 2017.
AbstractJ. Kwabena Asamoah-Gyadu writes authoritatively but yet with a pastor's heart. Although informed by long and deep study of Pentecostal and charismatic movements around the world, here is no mere theoretical tone but a relevant contemporary reflection on the works of the Holy Spirit in a complex world.
Asha, Joseph O. “Moral Issues in Christian Preaching.” Practical Theology (Baptist College of Theology, Lagos) 9 (2016): 245–58.
AbstractThe article discusses differences in preaching, seen from the perspective of listeners at healing services, between pastors at Sunday services and lay preachers at healing services in the revival movement called Fifohazana in Madagascar. The author discusses, above all, the findings in relation to earlier research made on preaching during Sunday services. Directness in communication and emotional appeals are two outstanding features of lay preaching. The author challenges some elements of the preaching in the Fifohazana setting but, in spite of issues that need further reflection, this lay preaching contributes to the study of homiletics in Madagascar.
Austnaberg, Hans. Improving Preaching by Listening to Listeners: Sunday Service Preaching in the Malagasy Lutheran Church. First Edition. Bible and Theology in Africa 15. New York: Peter Lang, 2012.
AbstractImproving Preaching by Listening to Listeners: Sunday Service Preaching in the Malagasy Lutheran Church explores the reaction of the congregation to Sunday preaching. Preaching has been a significant activity since the founding of the Lutheran Church in Madagascar in 1867. However, hardly any research has been carried out to explore this interesting field, particularly from the listeners’ perspective. This book is an attempt to remedy this situation. With the aid of methodology from rhetorical studies, adapted into homiletics, this book investigates: How do the character of the preacher, the content of the sermon, and its emotional appeal impact the listeners in such a way that preaching becomes significant in their lives? Listeners consider the preacher himself important, both his spiritual and everyday life. They evaluate his good intentions, whether he believes in his own message, and whether his message is moulded by an encounter with the risen Lord. The Bible provides the sermon’s basic content and foundation, and The Holy Spirit is considered an active agent in the preaching event. The listeners encounter words from God through the sermon. They can experience change in their lives by listening to preaching from caring pastors who create presence for important issues for change to happen. The Malagasy context and culture form the backcloth throughout the investigation, and this book specifically investigates Malagasy rhetoric, that is, the public speech tradition with regard to its possible role in increasing the impact of preaching on the listeners.
Bürkle, Horst. “Patterns of Sermons from Various Parts of Africa.” In African Initiatives in Religion: 21 Studies from Eastern and Central Africa, edited by David B. Barrett, 222–31. Nairobi: East African Publishing House, 1971.
AbstractThe one who lays claim to the pulpit ministry has no other business but that of preaching the Word of God. This article argues that biblical preaching is fast disappearing from the Nigerian pulpit because of wrong motivation. It also argues that this situation has adverse effects on Christians' spirituality and the Christian witness. It concludes that preachers of a different gospel in Nigeria must make the Scripture central and be willing to submit themselves to adequate and proper training in hermeneutical principles and homiletical rudiments for effective biblical preaching.
Biwul, Joel K. T. Expository Preaching in Africa. Africa Christian Textbooks, 2019.
AbstractThe greatest need of the hour for the Church in Africa is the clear and unambiguous presentation of the Word of God. It follows therefore that the most important role of the pastor, the man/woman of God, the preacher and the minister is the clear presentation of the Word of God (2 Tim 4:2). The current trend where the emphasis on the pulpit is on healing, miracles, deliverance, story-telling, etc., is actually misplaced in terms of priority of the Word of God. The obsession with supernatural activities, and demonic activities is wrongheaded and dangerous. Expository Preaching in Africa by Rev. Dr. Joel Biwul is a bold and courageous corrective. The motivation for the book explicitly stated by the author, is “to assist pastors and teachers of the Scriptures to adequately let out the divine voice from the divine text to the contemporary African context.”
Biwul, Joel K. T. Preaching the Scriptures. Langham Publishing, 2018.
AbstractThe African church needs preachers who preach the Scriptures to bring people to Christ and nurture them in the faith. Yet many are failing at this task. Some use their sermons to promote themselves rather than Christ, while others do not know how to preach from the Scriptures. In Preaching the Scriptures Dr Joel Biwul addresses these problems. Using African stories and illustrations, he clearly sets out the process of preparing and delivering a sermon that is rooted in the Scriptures. He also provides sample sermons and outlines that will help preachers apply these principles in their own preaching preparation.
Bodenstein, Gerbrand, and Cas Wepener. “Humor en prediking.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 74, no. 2 (November 22, 2018): 10.
AbstractHumor is an integral part of society. The idea that humor and laughter are good for one’s health and psyche is well known, and many researchers praise the role that humor plays in society. Humor also plays an important role in Christian preaching and is found in various sermon contexts. However, whether the humor used in preaching is always of good quality, is doubtful. This article aims to highlight the role of humor in preaching. The phenomenon of humor and the role of humor in the Bible is described and, lastly, the use of humor in preaching is explored.
AbstractThis article presupposes the right of the faithful to pose critical questions about God. God-concepts cannot be distanced or freed from ideology. In the Hebrew Scriptures, the reflection on Jahwe and Elohim are mostly influenced by Israel’s exodus experience. The liberating God becomes a theme that legitimises their faith, but is ultimately coloured by their patrarchal Sitz im Leben. For black theologians, the image of God as the Liberator stands foremost as the Crucified. This has clear connections with Western thinking such as that of Jürgen Moltmann. The ancient native people of southern Africa developed a consciousness regarding a Higher Being through many years, eventually integrating it into their holistic worldview. God’s involvement in human suffering plays a significant role in all of these expressions of faith. The different views of God as the transcendant, yet involved God, should be revisited within the context of our current society characterised by human suffering, chronic poor communities, gaping inequality and increasing corruption. The theological-ethical question is whether the Khoisan people’s view of a wounded God is more suitable to help faithful people to engage with the world in a meaningful way.
Boshoff, P. B. “Die barmhartige Samaritaan: ’n Preekskets van Lukas 10:25—37.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 41, no. 3 (January 7, 1985): 474–79.
AbstractThe Good Samaritan: A homiletic outline oi Luke 10:25—37 The article aims to meditate on the Good Samaritan, taking redaction criticism and form criticism into consideration. The outcome is that the Good Samaritan is an example story incorporated into Luke's redactional tendency that in the case of one member of the congregation losing his possessions through confiscation, the other members are held responsible for his financial support.
Bothma, Gerhard. “’n Prakties-teologiese ondersoek na die kerklike jaar in die prediking van die Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 61, no. 4 (October 13, 2005): 1169–82.
AbstractThe aim of this article is to discuss the valuable role the church year can play in liturgy and preaching and the service and activities of the church. The article demonstrates that the rediscovery of the church year is one of the most remarkable aspects of the twentiethcentury reform and renewal of Christian worship. Within a context of poverty and continuing change, the church year – if valued positively and if accentuated in the preaching – could lead to the celebration of God.
Bothma, Gerhard. “Openbaring 21:1−8 in teks en prediking.” In die Skriflig/In Luce Verbi 49, no. 2 (August 31, 2015): 8.
AbstractOpenbaring 21:1-8 bring ’n belangrike wending in hierdie boek. Die koms van ’n nuwe hemel, ’n nuwe aarde en ’n nuwe Jerusalem word aangekondig. Die oue is verby. Die nuwe het gekom. Hoe behoort Openbaring 21:1-8 uitgelê, vertolk en verstaan te word? Hoe behoort daar oor hierdie teks gepreek te word? Hierdie en nog meer vrae word in hierdie artikel bespreek. Vanweë onder andere die literêre genre daarvan, stel die boek Openbaring unieke uitdagings aan diegene wat dit wil uitlê, verstaan en daaroor wil preek. Deur Openbaring 21:1-8 en homiletiese teorie met mekaar in verband te bring, word hierdie Skrifgedeelte vir die prediking ontgin. Deur die benutting van ’n literêr-estetiese benadering tot prediking in ’n skuiwende kultuur – soos deur Cas Vos en Cas Wepener ontwikkel – word die nuwe hemel en aarde, die nuwe Jerusalem en die lied ‘Hot Gates’ met mekaar gekombineer om nuwe betekenismoontlikhede te ontdek. Deur intertekstueel en inkulturerend te werk te gaan, word parameters vir die uitleg en verstaan van Openbaring 21:1-8 geformuleer en voorstelle vir die prediking van hierdie Skrifgedeelte word gemaak.Revelation 21:1-8 in text and preaching.
Revelation 21:1-8 presents an important turning point in this book. A new heaven, a new earth and a New Jerusalem are introduced. The old has passed. The new has come. How should Revelation 21:1-8 be read, interpreted and understood? How should this text be preached? These and other questions are asked in this article. Because of its literary genre, amongst other factors, the Book of Revelation poses unique challenges to anyone who wants to interpret and understand or preach about it. Revelation 21:1-8 is investigated by engaging the text and homiletic theory with each other. By utilising a literary-esthetical approach to preaching in a changing culture – as developed by Cas Vosen Cas Wepener – the new heaven and earth, the new Jerusalem and the song ‘Hot Gates’ are engaged with one another in order to find possible new meanings. By working intertextually and inculturating, parameters for the explanation and understanding of Revelation 21:1-8 are explicated and suggestions with regard to preaching this text are made.
Botman, H. Russel, and Dirk J. Smit. “Exegesis and Proclamation--1 Corinthians 7:29-31: ‘To Live . . as If It Were Not.’” Journal of Theology for Southern Africa 65 (December 1988): 73–79.
AbstractThis article will try to indicate that while the church’s approach during the apartheid era was characterized by liberation theology and preaching, the post-apartheid era – that is still characterized by social decay, moral impoverishment and especially an increase in poverty, family violence, divorce and a spirit of individualism – asks for an increased focus on sustainable poverty eradication. It is argued that in post-apartheid South Africa a fundamental consensus on binding values, non-negotiable standards and morally acceptable ground attitudes are urgently needed. It is in this context that the role of ethical preaching is examined. In a context of widespread poverty, unemployment and a sense of insecurity, apathy, unconcern and depression among many ethical preaching, as an orientation event, can bring a new dignity to people.
Cabrita, Joel. “Politics and Preaching: Chiefly Converts to the Nazaretha Church, Obedient Subjects, and Sermon Performance in South Africa.” Journal of African History 51, no. 1 (March 2010): 21–40.
AbstractTwentieth-century Natal and Zululand chiefs' conversions to the Nazaretha Church allowed them to craft new narratives of political legitimacy and perform them to their subjects. The well-established praising tradition of nineteenth- and twentieth-century Zulu political culture had been an important narrative practice for legitimating chiefs; throughout the twentieth century, the erosion of chiefly power corresponded with a decline in chiefly praise poems. During this same period, however, new narrative occasions for chiefs seeking to legitimate their power arose in Nazaretha sermon performance. Chiefs used their conversion testimonies to narrate themselves as divinely appointed to their subjects. An alliance between the Nazaretha Church and KwaZulu chiefs of the last hundred years meant that the Church could position itself as an institution of national stature, and chiefs told stories that exhorted unruly subjects to obedience as a spiritual virtue.
Cilliers, Johan H. “Between Dwellings and Doors: Spatial Perspectives on Preaching.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 73, no. 2 (April 2017): 1–6.
AbstractAlthough many classical works on preaching, especially within the reformed tradition, would take as point of departure the question of understanding, that is, how to do exegesis of a biblical text in such a manner that it makes sense (is understandable) to present-day listeners of sermons, this article opts for an aesthetical approach, which does not exclude the question of intelligibility, but places it within aesthetical frameworks, such as our multi-sensing of space and time. Preaching, in my opinion, entails more than just speaking, hearing and (cognitive) understanding. It calls, inter alia, for a multi-sensory (re)discovery of space and time, within space and time. This article reflects specifically on the spatial dimension of preaching pertaining to experiences of being, or coming, home and, conversely, leaving home, that is, experiencing liminality, as not-being-at-home.
Cilliers, Johan O. “’n eggo van Afrikaner-nasionalisme: ’n homileties-analitiese terugblik op Nederduitse Gereformeerde prediking uit die jare 1960-1980.” Scriptura 84 (2003): 353–63.
AbstractThe period 1960 – 1980 marks a time of political, economical and social turmoil in South Africa. In this article fourteen sermons, reflecting the experience of threat and fear by a section of the white population, and the theological and homiletical effort to counteract this, are analyzed and evaluated. The sermons were published in the official magazine of the Dutch Reformed Church (“Die Kerkbode”) and illustrates a general hermeneutical tendency. Firstly, to purpose analogies between the experiences of the Afrikaner and those of Israel. Secondly, to implement these analogies as a basis for moralistic preaching, and thirdly, to project guilt on to a caricaturized enemy. The paper concludes by suggesting the need for an ecumenical hermeneutics in which diverse perceptions of the Biblical message will/can be controlled and enriched.
Cilliers, Johan. “ Alle kaarte op die preek?” Nederduitse Gereformeerde Teologiese Tydskrif 55, no. 3 & 4 (January 2015): 533–55.
AbstractIn hierdie artikel word kortliks gelet op drie grondlyne van die Reformasie, naamlik die vertroosting van die beangste mens tydens die laat Middeleeue, die hunkering na vryheid en die behoefte aan fundamentele verandering. Dit word opgevolg met ’n uiteensetting van die sakramentele verstaan van die reformatoriese prediking, en die bevraagtekening hiervan in die huidige tydvak. Aan die hand van ’n sakramenteel-profetiese perspektief op die prediking, word drie homiletiese kontoere vir prediking in ons tyd getrek, naamlik sakramenteel-profetiese prediking as bevestiging, onderbreking en pro-formasie. Ten slotte word enkele suggesties gemaak oor die vraag of ons (nog) “alle kaarte op die preek” kan of moet plaas.
Th is article briefly discusses three key notions of the Reformation, namely the comforting of anxious people during the late Middle Ages, the longing for freedom, and the need for fundamental transformation. Th is is followed by an exposition of the sacramental understanding of preaching within the Reformation, and the contemporary critique thereof. By means of a sacramental-prophetical perspective on preaching, three homiletical contours are drawn for preaching in our times, namely affirmation, interruption, and pro-formation. The article is concluded with some suggestions on the question whether we should or could still place such a decisive emphasis on preaching.
Cilliers, Johan. “Between Separation and Celebration: Perspectives on the Ethical-Political Preaching of Desmond Tutu.” Stellenbosch Theological Journal 1, no. 1 (2015): 41–56.
AbstractRecognising the complexity of a pluralistic South African society, this article attempts to identify four ethical movements in preaching in the past, as well as the present. These movements are from silence to struggle, from eparation to celebration, from lamenting to longing, and from shaming to playing. In this regard, cognisance is taken in particular of the sermons, speeches, and letters of Archbishop Desmond Tutu. The paper concludes with a discussion of a classic South African film from 1976, entitled e'Lollipop.
Cilliers, Johan. “Breaking the syndrome of silence: finding speech for preaching in a context of HIV and AIDS.” Scriptura 96 (2007): 391–406.
AbstractIn this paper, a brief overview is given of two research projects that were done in South Africa during 1987 (a particularly difficult time under apartheid), and 1994 (the year that the first democratic elections took place), respectively. Some of the findings are discussed under the keywords: silence, transition, reservation, new vision. Reference is made to a historic sermon preached by Archbishop Desmond Tutu in St. George’s Cathedral in Cape Town only three days before the first democratic elections were held in South Africa on the 27th of April, 1994. The paper concludes with a reflection on an artwork by the South African artist, Willie Bester.
Cilliers, Johan. “Seeing, Sighing, Signing - Contours of a Vulnerable Homiletic.” Scriptura 116, no. 1 (April 12, 2017): 1–13.
AbstractIn this article the many in-between spaces of paradox that characterise the society of South Africa, up to this day, are seen as liminal breeding grounds for what could be called a vulnerable homiletic. Three key concepts are discussed as being inherent to such a homiletic, namely seeing, sighing, and signing. These key concepts are exemplified by reference to sermons by former Archbishop of Cape Town, Dr Desmond Tutu in particular. The article concludes with a reflection on an art work by South African artist Marco Cianfanelli.
Cilliers, Johan. “Squib: Timing Grace.” International Journal of Homiletics 3, no. 1 (2018): 112–13.
AbstractIn this paper Charles Campbell’s vision on the foolishness of preaching is brought into dialogue with the South African context with its history of apartheid and its struggles with issues such as poverty, HIV and AIDS, crime and most recently, xenophobia. The contribution of Campbell is discussed in terms of its significance for breaking the syndrome of silence, the revalidation of the image of the preacher as jester or clown, the role of the biblical texts as counter-testimonies to the status quo, and the rediscovery of the image of a vulnerable God.
Cilliers, Johan. “Where Have All the Prophets Gone?: Perspectives on Political Preaching.” Stellenbosch Theological Journal 1, no. 2 (2015): 367–83.
AbstractThis article takes a brief look at the notions of voice, event, and experience within the communal paradigm of South African societies. This is followed by a description of different ways in which political and eschatological preaching has been understood within recent times, starting with the reverted eschatology of apartheid sermons, linked to the experience of fear; then the hopeful eschatology of Desmond Tutu’s sermons, evoking experiences of anticipation; and concluding with what could be called the present day vacuum in this regard: preaching that strives to maintain by means of introverted eschatology, contributing to experiences of uncertainty.
Cloete, G. Daan, and Dirk J. Smit. “‘Rejoicing with God’ (Luke 15:11-32).” Journal of Theology for Southern Africa 66 (March 1989): 62–73.
Couper, Scott E. “‘When Chief Albert Luthuli Launched “into the Deep”’: A Theological Reflection on a Homiletic Resource of Political Significance.” Journal of Theology for Southern Africa 130 (March 2008): 76–89.
AbstractIn this investigation, the author identifies a direct link between theological thought and political resolve. In November 1952, the government deposed Chief Albert Luthuli from the Groutville (Umvoti) Mission Reserve after he refused to abstain from political leadership within the African National Congress (ANC) during the Defiance Campaign. This decision to refuse to differentiate, and therefore choose between, Christian leadership and secular politics, proved monumental for South Africa and the world. Within two months Luthuli was elected as President-General of the ANC and in less than ten years was awarded the 1960 Nobel Peace Prize. Luthuli's statement in reaction to his being relieved of the chieftaincy is the now infamous "The Road to Freedom is Via the Cross". However, known by few is the sermon preached one week before at Adams College entitled "Christian Life: A Constant Venture". This study affirms that the faith-based sermon inspired the politically applied statement. The analysis of the sermon intrigues students of politics, homiletics, theology, ecclesiology, history, and ethics - for it demonstrates the courage requiredfrompolitical involvement that is primarily motivated by faith. Luthuli's vocation was neither that of a politician in the ANC nor that of a minister of religion in the Congregational Church. Yet, the profound manner in which his faith influenced his politics is an example for any elected or ordained leader.
Curry, Michael B. “Preaching Matters!” Anglican Theological Review 101, no. 1 (2019): vii–viii.
AbstractPresents the thesis entitled "The Preparation Of A Theological Education By Extension Textbook For Teaching Biblical Interpretation And Preaching In East Africa," by Theodore E. Davis. Project rationale; Statement of resources available to complete the project; Report on the execution of the project.
De Kiewit, Charles. “Proclaiming the Glory of God. A Homiletical Approach.” Thesis, University of Pretoria, 2007.
AbstractThe intention of this research is to develop a homiletical approach that will better equip the preacher in proclaiming the Glory of God. The study comes in a context where there has been a legitimate shift in emphasis in the direction of the listener, but it is the contention of this study that the pendulum has swung away from the pre-eminence of God that should permeate sermons being preached. Having established the need for a renewed apprehension of God in preaching the writer examines the general preaching landscape leading up to and including the 21st century. This part of the study includes some of the influences on the present day understanding on the role of knowledge and the questioning of God’s ability to communicate truth to man. The study also shows how these influences have led to a focus in preaching on human feeling and experience. The weight of Gods glory is then examined with the consequent implication of God’s passion for His own glory and the need for all preaching therefore to be Theo-centric. This is reinforced by an examination of the transcendence of God, unfolding the dangers of domesticating God by eliminating a sense of mystery as to the infinite nature of God. An overview of more recent developments in homiletical theory is examined demonstrating the conspicuous absence of the pre-eminence of God in preaching. A summary of the following three preaching models is presented; expository, narrative and topical, to provide a basis for later comparison. Key theological convictions and practices necessary to proclaim the Glory of God are then identified from the literature study. These are then used in a questionnaire compiled to be used in churches where the listeners are exposed to the three identified preaching models. The results from the empirical study is then analysed in the light of the theory presented in the literature studies. On the basis of these outcomes the following guidelines were recommended: -- Guidelines on determining the content of the sermon. -- Guidelines on the focus of the sermon. -- Guidelines on the content of the sermon. -- Guidelines on believing that God is primarily concerned about Himself leading to greater confidence in God’s grace to sinful people. And then finally, concluding that if the desired goal of proclaiming the Glory of God is to be consistently accomplished, then the expository model of preaching is best suited to the task.
De Klerk, Barend J. “Conveyance of Preaching by Vulnerable Listeners: A Case Study of Farm Workers in the Vredefort Dome South Africa.” In Die Skriflig 49, no. 1 (2015): 1–8.
AbstractFarm workers living in and around the Vredefort Dome World Heritage Site are some of the most vulnerable people in South Africa. Research by means of a case study with four participants from this group examined the following question: How do vulnerable people continue preaching the Word in this environment by ministering to other vulnerable people with the sermons that they have heard? The case study considered both the environment and the circumstances in which these participants live. This research aimed to establish what it means to preach to those who are vulnerable and how such preaching can be continued by the hearers. A case study by means of a qualitative empirical investigation called upon a few of the vulnerable hearers to speak.Thefindings included that the participants to this case study do not spread the sermons further on a regular basis, but they would be able to edify and encourage other vulnerable persons with it if needed. If they do talk to each other about the sermon directly after the worship service (like it was done during the interviews), their confidence to proclaim the message to other vulnerable people who do not participate in the worship services will increase.
De Klerk, Barend J. “The Relationship between Prophetic Preaching and Performing the Gift of Prophecy in South Africa.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 69, no. 1 (2013): 8.
AbstractThe goal of this article is to investigate the relationship between the liturgy of the worship service, where prophetic preaching is delivered, and the liturgy of life, where the gift of prophecy must be put into practice. In what way could the ‘prophets’ be equipped to become practitioners of the gift of prophecy? A short description is given of what is understood by prophetic preaching and the gift of prophecy in an effort to determine the relationship between these concepts. In a brief summary, burning questions in church life and in the South African society are addressed: in church life, the questions of extreme conservatism and extreme liberalism are scrutinised and in the South African society, corruption and inequality are investigated. In conclusion, a few guidelines are given for putting the gift of prophecy into practice in the liturgy of life.
De Klerk, Barend J., Friedrich W. De Wet, and Rantoa S. Letšosa. “A Homiletic Reflection on the Theological Aesthetics Involved in Picturing God in a Fragmented South African Society.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 67, no. 2 (2011).
AbstractThis article investigates the problematic field of authentic speech in a fragile South African society where the imminence of shattering fragmentation is often addressed either by aggravating hate- speech or pacifying speech that seems to lack the will to come to terms with the full implications of the issues at hand. We attempt to reflect on the possibility of authentic speech in this context by picturing God and his purposeful presence in our fragmented world; speech that reflects and acts out the implications of what is observed in the revealing light of God`s living Word. In addressing the research problem the following aspects are researched: (1) we briefly reflect on the theological aesthetics involved in picturing God through the eyes and acts of faith, (2) explore the painful manifestation of fragmentation in the South African society (with poverty and HIV and AIDS as examples), and (3) attempt to homiletically speak the language of faith by picturing God in our fragmented world through the lens of the parable of the Good Samaritan. We come to the conclusion that authentic homiletic speech can only flow from a heart in which the hardened crust of perpetual attempts at self-righteousness and conservation of the own comfort-zone are shattered by the words and deeds of our Lord. It is through the words and deeds of our Lord that the preacher is enlightened to bear authentic witness to how God fuses a shattered reality and a shattered heart into a prismatic, multifaceted witness to the glory of his all-conquering healing power.
De Villiers, Pieter G. R. “Exegesis and Proclamation.” Journal of Theology for Southern Africa 70 (March 1990): 55–63.
AbstractThe articles inform preachers of the communication problems and the corresponding skills in imparting the Christian message in Africa. Not only the mere skills are discussed, but also the necessity of knowing the needs, problems and questions of the audience. In preaching one cannot restrict oneself to those existentials either, but has to see and discuss them in the light of the experiences of the people populating the Old and New Testaments. After a sermon a listener should be able to say: "So! That is how it goes with us and God!".
Dreyer, T. F. J. “Karl Barth as a Homilist.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 63, no. 4 (May 7, 2007): 1473–91.
AbstractAny tribute to Karl Barth as the most important theologian of the 20th century must show an awareness of the many facets of his work. He will long be remembered for his monumental contribution to church dogmatics. The inspiration for his dogmatics was his dilemma in preaching the Word of God. Preaching and proclaiming the Word of God were his main interests. This article attempts to analyse his homiletic stance, not only as an academic theory, but in relation to his own sermons. Finally, the importance of Barth’s theology for preaching in a postmodern society is outlined.
Dreyer, T. F. J. “Preaching and Culture.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 61, no. 3 (October 12, 2005): 793–808.
AbstractBefore the new political dispensation in South Africa (1994), the Dutch Reformed Church in Africa (Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk van Afrika) referred to the church as a “peoples church” (volkskerk). Owing to political changes the qualification “volkskerk” has created a certain degree of disturbance in the ranks of the church. The relationship between “church and culture” became a topical issue. Since 1994 the focus of the homiletical debate shifted to the question of the role of the church within a changing environment and again the answer to the question of “church and culture” was of utmost importance. Nowadays the reality of a multicultural society becomes a new challenge to the church. This article is an attempt to define the relation between culture and preaching from different hermeneutic perspectives, namely the cultural embedding of the biblical kerygma; the interwovenness of language and culture; and the necessity for contextuality in preaching.
Dreyer, T. F. J. “Prediking en kultuur.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 52, no. 4 (November 1996): 820–32.
AbstractPreaching and culture. This paper is an attempt to define the relation between culture and preaching. The Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk van Afrika frequently refers to the church as a 'peoples church' ('volkskerk'). Owing to political changes in South Africa, the qualification 'volkskerk', has created a certain amount of disturbance in the ranks of the Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk. This study analyses the relation between culture and preaching from different hermeneutical perspectives, namely: the cultural embedding of the biblical kerygma; the interwoveness of language and culture, and the necessity of contextuality in preaching.
Duncan-Williams, Nicholas. The Place of the Blood in a Believer’s Life. Sermon video, 1:05:22. Given at the Prayer Cathedral of Action Chapel International in Accra, Ghana. Posted 23 May, 2016.
AbstractIn this study, it is argued that the trust of previous (and existing) hermeneutical approaches of promoting ancient biblical texts as applicable to the everyday life of contemporary readers is not only imaginable but also too ambitious. The Hebrew Bible emerged from an Israelite cultural context, which neither speaks to nor deliberates on issues concerning the African cultural contexts. The present essay utilises a narrative approach comprising three main overtures. Firstly, some examples of previous contributions on hermeneutics will be discussed. Secondly, this study interrogates the legitimacy of employing African biblical hermeneutics that utilises ancient Jewish texts as applicable to African societies today. Thirdly and finally, the study will critically appraise for a balanced reading of the biblical text.
Contribution: The present study aims at engaging (debriefing) existing hermeneutical contributions towards proposing a balanced reading of the biblical text. In order to achieve that goal, the study engages into a dialogue following hermeneutical approaches, which are popular amongst most African scholars, namely African biblical hermeneutics, black biblical hermeneutics, contextual biblical hermeneutics, feminist hermeneutics and oral hermeneutics.
Enyinnaya, John O. “Pentecostal Hermeneutics and Preaching: An Appraisal.” Ogbomoso Journal of Theology 13, no. 1 (2008): 144–53.
AbstractHermeneutics, derived from the Greek word for “interpret” refers to the theory of interpretation. More comprehensively, hermeneutics concerns the interpretation of texts and other forms of communication both oral and written as well as fundamental issues of the nature of language, meaning, communication and understanding. I use hermeneutics here to refer to the act and process of biblical interpretation while preaching is the public declaration of the meaning so discovered. Paul encouraged Timothy to: “Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a workman who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly handles the word of truth” (2 Timothy 2:15, NIV). The verb translated as "correctly handling" conveys the idea of handling with skill or mastery. Paul expected Timothy to develop himself to the point of handling the word of God with skill and mastery. This is a challenge to all who have the responsibility of preaching or teaching God’s word. It is also because of this that we must regularly evaluate our preaching with a view to constantly improving our hermeneutical and preaching skills. This paper is an attempt to evaluate the hermeneutics and preaching that goes on in Pentecostal churches. After an attempt at defining some key words, the paper is divided into three main parts namely characteristics of Pentecostal churches, appraisal of Pentecostal hermeneutics and appraisal of Pentecostal preaching.
Esomonu, Lazarus E. Preaching the Sunday Homily. Enugu: Snaap Press, 1987.
AbstractIn Zimbabwe, there are different preachers who have great names, but when it comes to prophetic preaching they lag behind as compared to South Africa, which has great preachers in prophetic preaching like Desmond Tutu. In this era, however, we are challenged with a situation of socio-economic and socio-political crisis: the enormous poverty among approximately 95% of the population. This article discusses the circumstances for prophetic preaching in the contemporary context of Zimbabwe, which are a clear understanding of the poverty position and cohesion of the church with the poor, a good understanding of the image of prophetic preaching as a specific type of preaching that encompasses the four elements of preaching: the preacher, as well as the congregation (hearers), the sermon and the Holy Spirit for prophetic preaching. Interdisciplinary and intradisciplinary implications: This article discusses the circumstances for prophetic preaching in the context of Zimbabwe, which are a clear understanding of the poverty position and cohesion of the church with the poor. In our analysis of prophetic preaching in Zimbabwe, the emphasis is put on prophecy, healing, deliverance and prosperity. This article argues that prophetic preaching is approaching the biblical text with a view to interpret it as preaching in a context of poverty. It should be done from the perspective of the poor, therefore in terms of their need for justice and righteousness.
Forslund, Eskil. “The Word of God in Ethiopian Tongues: Rhetorical Features in the Preaching of the Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus.” Ph.D. diss., Uppsala University, 1993.
Forslund, Eskil. The Word of God in Ethiopian Tongues: Rhetorical Features in the Preaching of the Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus. Studia Missionalia Upsaliensia 58. Uppsala: Uppsala University, 1993.
AbstractThe present study suggest that preaching contains proclamations of what is considered to be divine will and acts, as well as persuasion. The elements of persuasion are addressed to reason, the senses and the emotions of human beings, and can be studied as rhetoric. The objective of this study is to elucidate the rhetorical characteristics of the preaching in the EECMY.
The study contains four parts. Part One presents the rhetorical and religious milieu of Ethiopia and the Mekane Yesus Church. Part Two introduces the preachers and their sermons, and provides a rhetorical approach to the study of the sermons. Part Three investigates the rhetorical situation of the sermons and the preachers'' response to the biblical texts and to the day-to-day events and the recent history of the EECMY, as well as of society at large. The emphasis of the dissertation is found in Part Four, where the rhetorical strategy of the sermons is highlighted. This is achieved through an investigation of the style, the language and the structure of the sermons. The dissertation reveals the extent to which the EECMY preaching is linked to the evangelical missions and the Ethiopian Orthodox traditions.
Frazier, J. Russell. “A Fresh Approach to Preaching: Using a Homiletical Lens in Preaching Biblical Messages.” Africa Journal of Evangelical Theology 37, no. 1 (2018): 19–30.
AbstractThe witness of Jesus Christ and his disciples was accompanied by mighty words and mighty works. Drawing on the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles, Dr. David N. Gambo demonstrates that this power came from the anointing of the Holy Spirit, without which neither Jesus nor his disciples would have been able to fulfil their ministry. Gambo utilizes an exegetical analysis to develop a theology of Spirit-empowered preaching - preaching characterized by Spirit-words and Spirit-works.If ministers of the gospel are to model their ministries on Jesus of Nazareth, into whose image humanity seeks to be transformed, then the role of the Holy Spirit cannot be ignored. Gambo issues a powerful challenge to those interested in homiletics and pneumatology, as well as to all who preach and minister in the name of Jesus Christ.
Gilbert, Juliet. “The Heart as a Compass: Preaching Self-Worth and Success to Single Young Women in a Nigerian Pentecostal Church.” Journal of Religion in Africa 45, no. 3–4 (2015): 307–33.
AbstractThe quiet city of Calabar in southeastern Nigeria is famed for its burgeoning church scene offering various spiritual services. In this religious marketplace, The Brook Church stands out due to its beautiful building, well-dressed congregation, clever branding, and its ‘unique’ preaching. Focusing on young women’s engagement with The Brook Church, this article builds on recent analyses seeking to understand the attraction of Pentecostalism for this often marginalised and disenfranchised social group. Examining The Brook Church’s life-affirming doctrine of Zoe, in which individual aspirations are realised through careful and timely management of the religious self, the article explores how religious action and rhetoric mould new subjectivities aimed for success. Illustrating how Pentecostal practice gives young women a newfound sense of self-worth and confidence, the article’s emphasis on the individual project suggests we should broaden debates that solely equate young women’s engagement with Pentecostalism with sexuality and marriage opportunities.
Gitari, David M. In Season and Out of Season: Sermons to a Nation. Oxford: Regnum Books, 1996.
Hale, Frederick. “Literary Criticism from a Cape Town Pulpit: Ramsden Balmforth’s Explications of Modern Novels as Parables Revealing Ethical and Spiritual Principles.” In Die Skriflig 51, no. 1 (2017): 7.
AbstractLiterary criticism evolved slowly in southern Africa. One of the first commentators to write about this topic was the Unitarian minister, Ramsden Balmforth (1861-1941), a native of Yorkshire and Unitarian minister who emigrated to Cape Town in 1897. Eschewing conventional homiletics in its various forms, in dozens of instances he illustrated ethical and spiritual points in his Sunday sermons or ‘discourses’ by discussing their manifestation in literary works. Crucially, these texts did not merely yield illustrations of Biblical themes, but themselves served as the primary written vehicles of moral and ethical principles, and the Bible was rarely mentioned in them. Balmforth’s orations about novels were published in 1912. The following year he preached about selected operas by Richard Wagner, and in the 1920s Balmforth issued two additional series of discourses focusing on dramas. In all of these commentaries he consistently emphasised thematic content rather than narrative and other literary techniques. He extracted lessons which he related to his ethically orientated version of post-orthodox religious faith.
Harvard, Joseph S. “Preaching the Easter Texts: Can I Get a Witness?” Journal for Preachers 37, no. 3 (2014): 3–12.
AbstractIt discusses the United Nations, the Cold War, and the liberation movements. The pamphlet says that President Carter called for an end to Kissinger-style one-man diplomacy, for majority rule "with the protection of minority rights," and for greater U.S. coordination with other countries with interests in the region. People discusses in the pamphlet include Andrew Young, Walter Mondale, Cyrus Vance, Prime Minister Vorster of South Africa, President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Fatima Meer, and Ambassador Leslie O. Harriman of Nigeria. The pamphlet discusses South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) and the U.S. attitude toward Mozambique and Angola. It also discusses the Christian Institute and U.S. investment in South Africa and Caltex and the Byrd Amendment permitting U.S. importation of Rhodesian chrome in violation of UN sanctions. • Stronger Stance on Apartheid • More Pressure for Namibia • South Africa is the Key • Mammon as Redeemer • The Necessity of Choosing
Ibrahim, Murtala. “Oral Transmission of the Sacred: Preaching in Christ Embassy and Nasfat in Abuja.” Journal of Religion in Africa 47, no. 1 (2017): 108–31.
AbstractThis article compares and contrasts the practices of preaching between Christ Embassy and NASFAT in the city of Abuja. The preaching of the two groups responds to the social situation of Abuja, which includes hard economic conditions and religious pluralism. The article analyses the preaching styles in Christ Embassy and NASFAT within the framework of performance theory. It argues that preaching is an important instrument for empowering urban residents with the necessary mental resources for meeting the challenges of the urban environment. Moreover, the article argues that preaching is a practice of mediation that is facilitated by aspects such as stage design, dress, background music, eloquence, and preaching assistants. In Christ Embassy, one of the purposes of preaching is a total transformation of the individual mindset and the cultivation of new norms and values. Preaching in NASFAT has the purpose of producing modern and pious Muslims who can live comfortably in pluralistic urban settings and project a positive image of Islam.
AbstractDoes preaching bring God on stage? Protestants assume an intimate relationship between the 'Word of God' and preaching. However, the principle that 'preaching of the Word of God is the Word of God' caused intense debates about the status of God language. The author highlights the classic disputes of the 19th and 20th centuries and argues that the old dilemma must be overcome. Sermons address the subjective-contextual conditions of the listeners, and this in no way precludes the attention for divine disclosure. On the contrary, there is a true reciprocity between personal spirituality and the sense of God as really other. The author defends the thesis that the renewed attention for the human condition in the theological debates of the last decades should also include a positive stand towards the believer's spiritual awareness of God's real existence and presence.
Irvine, George. “The Minister as Preacher.” Journal of Theology for Southern Africa 36 (September 1981): 3–9.
Jackson, Alvin A. Examining the Record. An Exegetical and Homiletical Study of Blacks in the Bible. Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Studies in Religion, Culture and Social Development 4. New York: Peter Lang, 1990.
AbstractThis work cites and examines some claims and suppositions on all sides of the Afrocentric involvement of the study of the Bible. It tests some of the conclusions of other scholars. We find in this book early seeds of ethnic stereotyping, pigmentocracy, and religious bigotry active in biblical times among the «chosen» people.
Janvier, George E. Biblical Preaching in Africa: A Textbook for Christian Preachers. Bukuru: Africa Christian Textbooks, 2002.
AbstractAfter describing briefly Paul's background and message, the article considers the qualities of a preacher of God's word according to Paul: firmness and courage, meekness and gentleness, knowledge, kindness, patience, love, and prayerfulness. It concludes that these qualities can serve as benchmarks for quality preaching in Africa and elsewhere.--D.J.H. Abstract Number: NTA50-2006-3-1777
Kattey, Ignatius C. O. Handbook of Biblical Preaching (Homiletics). Nigeria: Ignatius C. O. Kattey, 1992.
Kaunda, Chammah J. “‘A Voice Shouting in the Wilderness’: Desmond Mpilo Tutu’s Contribution to African Theology of Public Prophetic Preaching for Social Justice and Wholeness.” International Journal of Public Theology 9, no. 1 (2015): 29–46.
AbstractThe purpose of this article is to contribute to an on-going call for more life-giving public prophetic preaching in the context of multidimensional social injustice in Africa by evaluating some sermons of Desmond Tutu as an African model for public prophetic preaching. Tutu has been one of South Africa’s leading sociotheological praxis theolo-gians esteemed for persistently calling for social justice, moral-ethical responsibility and social emancipation. With consistency, he confronts social injustice, exposing inequalities since the apartheid era and continues to do so in post-apartheid. Through evaluation of the prophetic discourse of such a great personality, this article proposes an African theology of public prophetic preaching for social justice and wholeness.
Kloppers, Elsabé, and Wilhelm C. Kloppers. “Glas in beeld -- beeld in glas: verkondiging in fragment en fragmente van verkondiging ...” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 71, no. 3 (2015): 8.
AbstractGlass in the image – image in glass. Preaching in fragments and fragments of preaching . . . The view that the sermon is an ‘open work of art’, promoted the awareness that the ‘meaning’ of a sermon is not fixed, but that possibilities are presented for the listeners to ‘assign meaning’. ‘Assigning meaning’ does not mean something fully ad libitum: ‘meaning’ is formed within the guidelines of the text from which a sermon stems. Visual works of art could also be based on Biblical texts or stories, analysed and interpreted by the artist. The artist could mould the encounter with the Biblical text into various forms of art, proclaiming the gospel in ways similar to that of a spoken sermon: a work of art could present possibilities for assigning meaning related to faith. In this article the new stained glass windows, symbolically depicting the Liturgical Year, in a Dutch Reformed church in Pretoria, are discussed with a view to the possibilities they present to form part of experience-based religious education in ‘bringing home’ stories from the Bible and aspects of the Liturgical Year. Also asked is how they could function as visual ‘sermons’, speaking and communicating the ‘Word of God’ to the people inside the church, as well as to people on the outside.
Kok, K. “Die rol van die etiek in die prediking: Nuwe navorsing in Nuwe Testamentiese etiek en die implikasie daarvan vir die prediking (The Role of Ethics in Preaching : New Research in New Testament Ethics and the Implication for Preaching).” Verbum et Ecclesia 31, no. 1 (2010): 10.
AbstractAfter preliminary comments on the identity crisis facing the church in South Africa, the article discusses the role of the church in preaching, the role of ethics in preaching, and the role of imagination in ethics and preaching. It contends that the dynamic relationship between identity, ethics, and ethos in the NT has to be rediscovered. It argues that R. Bultmann's distinction between indicative and imperative does not do justice to the implicit ethical dimension of biblical texts. It suggests that new research into ethics, represented by R. Zimmermann's heuristic categories, may help us rediscover the implicit ethical dimensions in the NT.--C.R.M. Abstract Number: NTA56-2012-1-442
Kruger, Ferdi P. “The Preacher’s Vulnerable Attitudes in Naming Reality in a Neglected Society.” Verbum et Ecclesia 36, no. 1 (January 2015): 9.
AbstractEcclesiastical studies seem to reveal that the praxis of preaching is often confronted with a stumbling block in the negative attitudes of preachers despite their good intentions and the interdependence between prayer and preaching. In naming reality in society, it seems to be important that preachers first of all examine their own attitudes regarding their hearers and reality in society. In light of this problematic praxis, the research question is: To what extent do preachers with positive attitudes equip their hearers by means of a dialogue to listen profoundly to the content of preaching when the preaching names realities in society? In order to address this research question, the problem is investigated from the present practicaltheological vantage points in the field. The matter is further explored by examining metatheoretical perspectives from the fields of Social Psychology and Communication Sciences. As part of this process, the author seeks to investigate the difficult process of the formation and manifestation of attitudes in behaviour. An investigation into normative vantage points, perspectives from II Corinthians 5 and the Pastoral Letters, indicate that the message and the way in which preachers deliver their sermons are important. The conclusion poses that negative attitudes are indeed dangerous when it forms part of this ecclesiastical praxis and can even cause hearers to abandon all intent to be salt and light in society. Preachers must utilise dialogue in preparation for their sermons. They must focus on the dialogical nature of preaching in the context of the liturgy and must make time to stimulate feedback after they have delivered their sermons to make sure that hearers understand their calling in society. Congregations must become communities that live founded in profound communication. Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This article recognises the interdisciplinary approach to the social sciences. In Practical Theology, research focuses on communicative acts which bring the field into an overlap with other sciences that have the same focus. This article briefly focuses on an interdisciplinary discourse with the fields of Social Psychology and Communication Sciences regarding the forming and functioning of attitudes, which can possibly influence the sermon delivery of preachers. This article addresses the issue of naming reality in society. In this process, the naming of the attitude of the preacher is very important.
Kurewa, John W. Z. Biblical Proclamation for Africa Today. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1995.
AbstractBiblical Proclamation for Africa Today, singles out the uniqueness of the Bible in its composition, authority, transforming message, and unprecedented reputation. With the same intensity, the book underlines the necessity of bringing to the surface the values of African traditions and cultures that were submerged during the colonial period. Biblical preaching in Africa must strive toward understanding the African cultural realities in order to communicate the gospel effectively in the African situation.
Kurewa, John W. Z. Preaching and Cultural Identity: Proclaiming the Gospel in Africa. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2000.
AbstractThis article explores the significance of Karl Barth’s (homiletical) theology for the current study of prophetic preaching in South Africa today. In the first section, I explore and probe the significance in questioning the current study of prophetic preaching in South Africa, and whether one could relate that to the call of reading Barth’s theology anew in the South African context. Thereafter, I explore both these focuses in more detail in their own right – the state of discourse and scholarship in our study of prophetic preaching, and the significance of revisiting and exploring the meaning in Barth’s famous words to do (in the midst of crises) theology “as if nothing had happened”. In the last section, I will spell out some of these insights of Barth for the study and practice of prophetic preaching in South Africa today
Laubscher, Martin. “On Reading Some of Karl Barth’s Early Sermons in South Africa Today?” Acta Theologica 36, no. 2 (2016): 49–64.
AbstractThe work of Karl Barth has been quite influential in South Africa, but what about the value of his sermons and their influence on Barth's reading and mainline preaching in South Africa nowadays? After a short introduction, I discern, in four sections, the value and worth of reading Barth's early sermons in South Africa at present. I first hear anew the value of reading Barth in South Africa nowadays. Thereafter, I discern the current state of homiletics. Against this background, I pay attention critically to some of Barth's early sermons (1917-1920) while he was still a minister in Safenwil. Finally, I discern some of the value this project may currently have for theology and preaching in South Africa.
Laubscher, Martin. “Schleiermacher as Preacher: A Contemporary South African Perspective.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 75, no. 4 (October 2019): 7.
AbstractSouth African homiletics is in a crisis and it has – contrary to our expectation – nothing to do with either the presence or the influence of the great 19th-century theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher. In fact, this article shows that his absence stretches even deeper and wider than is often assumed. What makes this state in scholarship even more strange and remarkable is that the practice of preaching played an immense and crucial role in Schleiermacher's own life and theology. By coming to know how this famous theologian as a preacher embodied the blending of different voices – preacher, church, Scripture and the Triune God – into the mystery of the one living voice of the gospel that speaks to us in the preaching event, this article tries to show why it is necessary and relevant to engage with Schleiermacher as a preacher who primarily thought about himself as a servant of the Word. Reading one of his sermons on sermons may stimulate theological thought beyond the borders and confinements of discipline and context.
Lelyveld, Joseph. “South Africa’s Bishop Tutu: Preaching a Peaceful Solution.” New York Times Magazine, March 14, 1982.
AbstractThe church has the privilege of participating with God in his saving mission in a broken and suffering world, also known as the missio Dei (Bosch 1991:8-11, 390-393). This is its core, missional identity. However, many local churches are facing an identity crisis at their very core. The reasons are numerous. This article seeks to define, in a theoretical and theological way, the core identity of the local church and in the light thereof to explore two areas: (1) how the local church and particularly its pastor view the core identity of the local church, and (2) whether the identity of the local church is affected through the ministry of preaching - preaching that takes into specific consideration the aspects of hermeneutics and context. The research indicates that while the church may have an understanding of its core identity - certainly when it answers the questions 'who are we?' and 'what are we called to be and/or do' - it lacks significantly in its missional identity. Contributing factors are mentioned and remedial action is proposed.
Loubser, Johannes A. “Shembe Preaching: A Study in Oral Hermeneutics.” In African Independent Churches Today: Kaleidoscope of Afro-Christianity, edited by M. C. Kitshoff, 265–82. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press, 1996.
Louw, Daniel. “Preaching as Art (Imaging the Unseen) and Art as Homiletics (Verbalising the Unseen): Towards the Aesthetics of Iconic Thinking and Poetic Communication in Homiletics.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 72, no. 2 (December 9, 2016): 14.
AbstractThe article investigates the hypothesis that preaching implies more than merely verbalising, proclaiming and rhetoric reasoning. Preaching is fundamentally the art of poetic seeing; an aesthetic event on an ontic and spiritual level; that is, it provides vocabulary and images in order to help people to discover meaning in life (preaching as the art of foolishness). In this regard, preaching should provide God-images that open up the dimension of aesthetics and provide vistas of the ‘unseen’. The iconic dimension of preaching is about symbols and metaphors that help people to ‘see’ in everyday life (a poetic gaze) the presence of God in such a way that tragic events, the awareness of death and the anguish about the fear for loss and rejection become events for signifying life and for healing (the quest for wholeness). It is argued that practical theology should be about a liturgy of life. In this regard, the ‘ugliness of God’ becomes an aesthetic category in a Christian spiritual approach to iconography. In order to do this a critical approach to praxis thinking should probe into the realm of paradigms, especially paradigms that describe the ‘power of God’. Due to the assumption that the depiction of God’s power was predominantly influenced by the Serapis, Zeus and Roman cult (Emperor mystique), a paradigm shift from omni-categories (pantokrator) to bowel categories (passio Dei) in the homiletic depiction of God is proposed.
Lova, Elikana A., and Elia S. Mligo. He Descended into Hell: A Christological Study of the Apostles’ Creed and Its Implication to Christian Teaching and Preaching in Africa. Eugene: Resource Publications, 2015.
AbstractThe Apostles' Creed is one of the most prominent creeds in Christianity, perhaps even the most recited creed by normal believers in church services. However, the creed holds a clause that seems controversial to Christian mission in some contexts, especially African contexts. The clause, "He descended into Hell" is the main concern of this book. In African context, where ancestral cult is prominent in both people's worldview and practice, this clause poses a tangible problem of religious syncretism. The phrase suggests a life after immediate death, that a person can continue to live in a certain realm soon after death. Since the clause depicts Jesus descending into hell after death and burial, and preaching to the other souls of the dead in hell, it suggests the possibility of hearing a message of salvation after death, a doctrine hardly held by Christianity. The doctrine therefore becomes good news for those Africans who hold firm the ancestral cult, and those whose relatives had died in sin on earth. Therefore, this book critically examines the origin and use of this doctrine in the church and its validity in an African context.
Müller, Bethel A. “Homiletic Workshop: Sermon Preparation in Context.” Journal of Theology for Southern Africa 76 (September 1991): 132–36.
AbstractTo run any workshop properly one must be fully acquainted with the tools and materials to be used and with the intended function of the article to be manifactured. This is also true of the preacher in the homiletic workshop.
MacInnes, George R. “Preaching and Teaching in the African Parish.” AFER 13, no. 1 (January 1971): 53–61.
AbstractIn this study, it is argued that the trust of previous (and existing) hermeneutical approaches of promoting ancient biblical texts as applicable to the everyday life of contemporary readers is not only imaginable but also too ambitious. The Hebrew Bible emerged from an Israelite cultural context, which neither speaks to nor deliberates on issues concerning the African cultural contexts. The present essay utilises a narrative approach comprising three main overtures. Firstly, some examples of previous contributions on hermeneutics will be discussed. Secondly, this study interrogates the legitimacy of employing African biblical hermeneutics that utilises ancient Jewish texts as applicable to African societies today. Thirdly and finally, the study will critically appraise for a balanced reading of the biblical text. Contribution: The present study aims at engaging (debriefing) existing hermeneutical contributions towards proposing a balanced reading of the biblical text. In order to achieve that goal, the study engages into a dialogue following hermeneutical approaches, which are popular amongst most African scholars, namely African biblical hermeneutics, black biblical hermeneutics, contextual biblical hermeneutics, feminist hermeneutics and oral hermeneutics.
Mbewe, Conrad, and Glenn Lyons. God’s Design for the Church: A Guide for African Pastors and Ministry Leaders. Wheaton: Crossway, 2020.
AbstractWhat Is the Church? Foundational Truths from God’s WordAt the beginning of the twentieth century, Christians in Africa numbered approximately nine million―by the end, that number had grown to more than 380 million. As the number of Christians continues to grow, African pastors are often overwhelmed and in desperate need of guidance.Drawing from three decades of pastoral experience in Zambia, Conrad Mbewe has written a comprehensive handbook specifically for African pastors and church leaders. Structured around twenty commonly asked questions about God’s design for the church, this helpful resource covers topics ranging from the definition of church and the role of church members to the importance of doctrine. Through this book, Mbewe aims to equip pastors and leaders with biblical principles that will “permeate the landscape of Africa and transform its churches for generations to come.”Published in partnership with the Gospel Coalition and 9Marks.
Mbewe, Conrad. Pastoral Preaching: Building a People for God. Podcast, n.d.
AbstractMore and more pulpits are occupied by motivational speakers rather than preachers.Church congregations are not being given a comprehensive, biblical understanding of the faith. Drawing on his own experience as a pastor in Zambia, Conrad Mbewe tackles issues such as the content of pastoral preaching, how pastoral preaching relates to church life, finding the time to prepare pastoral sermons, and dealing with discouragement. Throughout the book, it is clear that the authors conviction is to see preachers grow strong churches, to build a people for God.
Mbewe, Conrad. True Repentance Makes a Living Sacrifice. Sermon audio, 47:41. Given at Kabwata Baptist Church, Lusaka, Zambia. Posted 16 September, 2012.
AbstractPreaching is considered to be a core ministry in building up local congregations. Within the Reformed tradition this is even truer. The researcher has, over years, tried to discern certain core 'qualities' of preachers and principles for preaching that will accomplish building local congregations into missional units. Assuming that preachers are serious about leading congregations towards true missionality, the article attempted to focus on a few of these core criteria for both preacher and preaching. In doing so, the article drew mainly on the wisdom of well-known preachers in the USA, wisdom that will be used to guide the researcher's future empirical study of preaching in the South African context. Prof. Müller, who is honoured in this Festschrift, wrote his DD thesis on preaching and I hope that this will reconnect his current work to his original research.
Nel, Marius. “Pentecostal Pacifist Homiletics: A Hermeneutical Concern.” Journal of Pentecostal Theology 27, no. 2 (2018): 307–25.
AbstractEarly Pentecostalism was mostly a pacifist movement that sees itself as a community that resolves conflicts and disputes through confrontation, forgiveness, and reconciliation in a nonviolent manner. Since the 1940s, this important emphasis was lost due to the influence of the evangelicals with whom the Pentecostals allied. The hypothesis of the paper is that it was due to evangelical influence on their hermeneutics that Pentecostals lost their pacifist stance. To regain the emphasis, Pentecostals need to realign their hermeneutics with its early practice. A hermeneutical pacifist emphasis suitable for the inherently violent South African society is described in order to ground a Pentecostal homiletics of non-resistance. Such a homiletics will fearlessly address the issue of violence against women, combining biblical texts that are exegeted, preferably by women, with a hermeneutic of suspicion to expose male interest in justifying rape and violence and supported by women's testimonies of their sexual harassment.
Nel, Marius. “Pentecostals and the Pulpit: A Case Study of the Apostolic Faith Mission of South Africa.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 74, no. 2 (April 2018): 9.
AbstractIn general, early Pentecostals did not use any pulpits in their halls in order to underline their emphasis that each believer is a prophet and priest equipped by the Holy Spirit with gifts for the edification of other members of the assembly. All participated in the worship service by way of praying, prophesying, witnessing and bringing a message from God. From the 1940s, Pentecostals in their desire to be acceptable in their communities formed an alliance with evangelicals, accepted their hermeneutical viewpoint and built traditional churches in accordance with the Protestant tradition. From the 1980s, the pulpit started disappearing from the front of Pentecostal churches. This is explained in terms of new alliances that Pentecostals made with neo-Pentecostalist churches and a new hermeneutical viewpoint. The hypothesis of the article is that the Pentecostal stance towards the pulpit was determined by its hermeneutical perspectives. It is described by way of a comparative literature study and applied to a specific case study, the Apostolic Faith Mission of South Africa.
Nell, Ian A. “‘Preaching from the Pews’: A Case Study in Vulnerable Theological Leadership.” Verbum et Ecclesia 36, no. 1 (April 2015): 9.
AbstractWhen explaining vulnerability as a theme for the conference of the Societas Homiletica, the organisers referred to two ways in which the concept can be interpreted. On the one hand, it can refer to preachers themselves as vulnerable people, subjected and accountable to other people. On the other hand, it can refer to the fact that preachers are often called to preach about difficult and challenging aspects of life and faith. In this sense, preachers speak on behalf of those who are vulnerable and in need of attention. In this contribution, both understandings are at play when the researcher takes a closer look at the sermons that were preached as part of a project known as the 'The sermon of the layperson' in Stellenbosch, South Africa, during September and October 2013. An analysis of the contents of these sermons, as an exercise in 'preaching from the pews', shows that they were preached on behalf of vulnerable people. In the process of analysis, it also became apparent that the preachers were themselves examples of vulnerable theological leadership in the sense that they were 'lay people' and therefore not in positions of official authority within faith communities. All of the preachers were however quite influential in their own areas of specialisation and professional life, and therefore, their sermons also communicated hope amidst situations of vulnerability.
Nell, Ian A. “Fearing the Stranger?: Homiletical Explorations in a Fear-Filled World.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 75, no. 4 (July 2019): 7.
AbstractThe large number of xenophobic attacks that broke out in different places in South Africa during 2008 was still continuing unabated 10 years later. We were stressed to come to terms with the reality that this occurred in a country that is globally considered to be an example of reconciliation. It is clear that we were confronted by the politics of fear, which were manifested in xenophobia and all the other -isms. In this article, the primary causes of these xenophobic outbreaks were scrutinised and placed within the wider framework of a culture of fear. The central research question is: Why are we still struggling with this phenomenon more than a decade after it first appeared on South African soil? In-depth analysis will be performed on what is lying behind the culture of fear underlying these acts of violence. After exploring some of the factors related to a culture of fear by making use of a sociological frame, the author moved on to answer a second question: How do we, as preachers, researchers and practical theologians, respond in a theological way to the challenges posed by a xenophobic culture in our preaching activities? Finally, the impact of violence and fear on the practice of preaching within a Christian context was discussed.
Nell, Ian A. “In Search of Meaning: Moving from the Prophet’s Voice to Prophecy in Community; a South African Perspective.” Scriptura 102, no. 1 (January 2009): 562–78.
AbstractDuring the times of 'Apartheid South Africa' prophetic preaching played an enormous part in bringing about the changes this country experienced throughout the last three decades. The prophetic preaching of exponents such as Desmond Tutu, Allan Boesak and Beyers Naudé paved the way for the relatively peaceful transitions South Africans experienced. Within Christian communities it assisted people in their search for meaning and thereby created a framework of understanding for the necessity of socio-political change. Fourteen years into the new dispensation the question remains: Does prophetic preaching still make a difference? Also: Does such preaching help Christian communities in their search for meaning in these changing times? These questions will be addressed in the paper. It will be argued that prophetic preaching could and should play a part in a new search for meaning. This should however be practiced anew and under changed conditions. It will also be argued that a 'theodramatic paradigm' provides a helpful practical-prophetic framework in the search for meaning in this regard. Such a framework will be based on the theological model (theorems) provided by classical and recent studies and expanded by applying it to the notion of prophetic performance derived from the Belhar Confession.
Nell, Ian A. “Preaching in a Xenophobic Culture: A South African Perspective.” International Journal of Homiletics Supplementum Duke Conference Edition (2019): 115–28.
AbstractThe large number of xenophobic attacks that broke out in different places in South Africa during 2008 is still continuing unabated ten years later. We are still under pressure to come to terms with the reality that this occurred in a country that is globally considered to be an example of reconciliation. In this article the primary causes of these xenophobic outbreaks stemming from fear are scrutinised and placed within the wider framework of a culture of fear. Finally, the impact of violence and fear on practice of preaching within a Christian context is discussed, asking the question: How do we go about preaching within this fearful context?
Nfor, Philemon B. Me? Preaching? A Guide to Exalting God from the Pulpit. Lumber: Vision Educational Publications, 2005.
AbstractThis book is the second of two volumes on Preaching in African Context. For both seasoned preachers and beginners, including students in seminaries, Bible colleges, and universities, this second volume explores how we preach and the practice of contextual preaching in Africa. The two volumes go hand-in-hand and Nhiwatiwa demonstrates that the principles need good practice to become contextual preaching, and our practice needsprinciples to ensure integrity. Read these volumes to see why preaching is an urgent aspect of ministry that can open new horizons and give fresh outlook for the future.
Nhiwatiwa, Eben K. Why We Preach: Preaching in the African Context. Vol. 1. 2 vols. African Ministry Series. Nashville: Upper Room Books, 2012.
AbstractThis book is the first of two volumes on Preaching in the African Context. For both seasoned preachers and beginners, including students in seminaries, Bible colleges, and universities, this first volume explores why we preach and the principles of contextual preaching in Africa. Nhiwatiwa demonstrates that contextual preaching serves as the mostappropriate way of communicating the gospel in Africa--it can connect with and engage the minds of people in effective ways. Read these volumes to see why preaching is an urgent aspect of ministry that can open new horizons and give fresh outlook for the future.
Nihinlola, Emiola, and Folashade Oloyede. Living and Preaching the Gospel. Ministry Enrichment Series 6. Ogmobose: The Nigerian Baptist Theological Seminary Publishing Unit, 2019.
AbstractThis article reflects on the mission of the church and how it is done. This article intends to show that the church is called not only to preach, but also to exercise diakonia and empower those at the margins who are also part of the body of Christ. Discipleship, the Great Commission Jesus entrusted to his disciples and the church, is not only to speak what the Bible says or to evangelize, but also to practise what the Bible says and to serve people in need. The church as the body of Christ is composed of all people from all nations, races, and tribes, weak and strong, rich and poor, and they all have equal rights. The church is called to participate in the mission of God by serving all creation. For that reason, the church should raise the voice of the voiceless, use its prophetic voice in times of violence and injustice, and advocate for peace and justice. Most of the time the church seems to be like the Priest and the Levite who neglected their colleague while the Samaritan saved him (Luke 10:29–35). The church seems not to see the injustice and oppression happening today and remains silent. But, again, it cannot work if injustice and oppression remain within the church. To spread peace and justice in the world, the church should first uproot the injustice and oppression within itself so that people see its fruits and come to Christ.
Nwaigbo, Ferdinand. “Typology of Jesus’ Preaching: A Model for the African Church.” Grace & Truth 23, no. 3 (November 2006): 98–118.
Obinwa, Ignatius M. C. “The Means of Preaching the Word.” In The Bible and Theological Reflections, edited by Ignatius M. C. Obinwa and J. O. Iheanyi, 189–204. Buguma: Hanging Gardens Publishers, 1995.
AbstractThis book explores the role narrative can play to renew preaching in Ghanaian congregations. It does this by describing and classifying models of preaching in North America and applies those models to the Ghanaian situation carefully guarding against assuming that a western model can be adapted without question.
Ogunlana, Babatunde A. “Preaching Christ in African Context.” BTSK Insight 14 (October 2017): 81–100.
AbstractThis book distinguishes itself from some other titles on Christian Preaching in a systematic form. Emmanuel Oyemomi presents the nitty-gritty of preaching using biblical examples and personal experience to illustrate his submissions and positions. His style makes preaching so practical and real that all categories of preachers will find it beneficial. The book: “The Essentials of Christian Preaching,” is a book that deals with the subject of homiletics, and the life of the homiletician. It discusses topics like preparing and delivering of sermons, types of sermon delivery and style in sermon delivery, with twelve pragmatic studies and eleven special services and many more. This book is an in-depth study on Christian preaching. It is theologically based and devotionally inspiring. The book will serve as invaluable tools for students, pastors, lay preachers and everyone that engages in preaching God’s word. I recommend this book for the use of everybody especially those in pulpit ministry. Olugbenga Olagunju, PhD ******** This book distinguishes itself from some other titles on Christian Preaching in a systematic form. Emmanuel Oyemomi presents the nitty-gritty of preaching using biblical examples and personal experience to illustrate his submissions and positions. His style makes preaching so practical and real that all categories of preachers will find it beneficial. This many-books-in-one-volume work is a suitable companion for all pastors and preachers. Rev. Julius Adeniji, PhD President, Lagos West Baptist Conference (2010-2019). ******** This is a book about preaching. It is the work of a distinguished experienced pastor, preacher and lecturer, who is convinced that the importance of preaching should not decline in our pulpit. “Essentials of Christian Preaching,” is a demonstration of the author’s zeal on what to preach and how the gospel should be heard by the people through preaching. Dr Oyemomi has done great service to those who continually wrestle with crucial questions about preaching. He approaches it from the deeper meaning of preaching. Every pastor or theological student who has a passion to increase his / her affection for preaching should not only read this for book, but also have one to refer to from time to time. Ezekiel A. Adejuwon, Th.D ******** This work is a compendium of an amalgamation of theory and practice. It is a volume that explains preaching principles and establishes them with valid samples and illustrations. I commend it to the minister of the Gospel who desires a workable help in the proclamation ministry. Olusayo O.B. Oladejo, Ph.D ******** The beauty of this book is that the author has written bearing in mind that good Christian preaching is a combination of a godly life, prayerful dependence on God and skilful exposition of the word of God. The book is well researched, the presentation is conversational and readable, the discussion is relevant to the African context. One special feature of the book is that it is very practical and includes preparation and examples of sermons for special services. I am pleased to recommend it to teachers and students of biblical communication. Rev. Prof. Emiola Nihinlola President, The Nigerian Baptist Theological Seminary, Ogbomoso ********
Pembroke, Neil F. “A Case of Therapeutic Preaching Done Well: Theological Diagnostics in Von Balthasar’s Sermon, ‘Joy in the Midst of Anxiety.’” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 75, no. 4 (July 2019): 7.
AbstractIt is argued that the proper way to construct and deliver a therapeutic sermon is to take a theocentric approach. Preaching, rightly understood, is proclamation of the good news that God has redeemed the world through Christ in the power of the Holy Spirit. It is by definition theological. Feeling pressure to be relevant, engaging and contemporary, a significant number of preachers fall into administering mini-doses of psychological self-help from the pulpit. Hans Urs von Balthasar's homily, 'Joy in the Midst of Anxiety', is offered as a positive alternative. The sermon is theologically and homiletically analysed to show why it is an excellent example of theocentric therapeutic preaching.
Pieterse, Hendrik J. C. “A Church with Character and Its Social Capital for Projects amongst the Poor.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 67, no. 3 (November 2011).
AbstractIn this article I present a theoretical framework for my argument that specific congregations which are renewed to address the current culture and context, according to the vision presented by Professor T.F.J. Dreyer, are competent to generate projects directed to the poor and humble as social capital. The problem addressed in the article, also phrased as the research question, is: what is the nature and diversity of care in the form of projects as social capital amongst the poor in renewed congregations as it emerges from the sermons on Matthew 25:31−46? The goal of the grounded theory analysis of sermons on this text in a research cycle of selective coding, collected from renewed congregations, will be the identification of projects, types of projects, and their properties. I discuss the idea of local theologies as a motivation of contextual religious action by the congregation in projects amongst the poor, provide a description of poverty in South Africa; show the role of religious faith communities in addressing poverty, followed by conceptualisation of social capital in projects of congregations, and lastly I give a description of two examples of projects thus far discovered in analysed sermons.
Pieterse, Hendrik J. C. “A Homiletical Reflection on the Human Rights Project in South Africa.” In Hermeneutics and Empirical Research in Practical Theology: The Contribution of Empirical Theology by Johannes A van Der Ven, edited by Chris Hermans and Mary Moore, 101–22. Leiden: Brill, 2004.
AbstractThis article reports on the first cycle (out of three) of a grounded theory analysis of sermons on poverty with Matthew 25:31-46 as sermon text. The problem addressed in this research project has to do with the poverty situation in South Africa. The leading research question is: how do preachers deal with sermons on poverty with this text as sermon text. The goal of the first phase in this project is to develop an open coding analytical model from the sermons. Six sermons by Uniting Reformed Church preachers and six sermons by Dutch Reformed Church preachers have been analyzed. Significant sermon segments in the light of the research question were then coded in the analysis. Initial categories could then be formed as they emerged from the data, based on the open coded codes. From the categories an open coding analytical model with hypotheses has been constructed.
Pieterse, Hendrik J. C. “Contextual Preaching: To Gerhard Ebeling on His Seventieth Birthday.” Journal of Theology for Southern Africa 46 (March 1984): 4–10.
AbstractThe question addressed by this article has to do with the content of preaching in the context of laws about affirmative action affecting white South Africans. This question results from the findings of previous research by the author regarding the experience of God by people negatively affected by these laws. The article argues that preaching of the parables on the kingdom of God can help people to find hope and a meaningful existence as followers of Jesus. The contemporary understanding by New Testament scholars of how the parables should be interpreted is discussed. Most of the authentic versions of the parables of Jesus are diaphoric metaphors. The kingdom message of Jesus to the subculture of the disreputable poor creates an alternative life world in contrast to the violence, injustice and discrimination of worldly states. The eschatology of the parables in Matthew should be interpreted as ethical eschatology real in nature. Interpreting these parables ethically helps pastors to preach Jesus’ kingdom message anew.
Pieterse, Hendrik J. C. “Prophetic Preaching in the Contemporary Context of South Africa.” In Die Skriflig 47, no. 1 (June 2013).
AbstractIn South Africa we have a great legacy of prophetic preaching with preachers such as Desmond Tutu. Since the new dispensation, however, we are confronted today with a new situation of injustice and exclusion: the massive poverty amongst about 50% of the population. This article discusses the conditions for prophetic preaching in the current context of South Africa, which are a clear understanding of the poverty situation and solidarity of the church with the poor, a good understanding of prophetic preaching as a specific type of preaching, as well as the support of the congregation, the churches and the ecumenical church for prophetic preaching.
Met predikers soos Desmond Tutu het ons ’n goeie erfenis van profetiese prediking in Suid-Afrika. Sedert die nuwe bedeling word ons egter met ’n nuwe situasie van ongeregtigheid en uitsluiting gekonfronteer: die massiewe armoede van ongeveer 50% van die bevolking. Hierdie artikel bespreek die voorwaardes vir profetiese prediking in die huidige konteks van Suid-Afrika: ’n duidelike begrip van die armoedesituasie en solidariteit van die kerk met die armes, ’n goeie begrip van profetiese prediking as ’n spesifieke soort prediking, asook die ondersteuning van die gemeente, die kerk en die ekumeniese kerk vir profetiese prediking.
Pieterse, Hendrik J. C. “Sermon Forms.” Journal of Theology for Southern Africa 36 (September 1981): 10–17.
AbstractThe intention or purpose of the text can be properly communicated in the sermon if the sermon form corresponds (as far as possible) to the literary genre of the text. The text, therefore, also determines the form or structure of a sermon. The thematic sermon, the sermon as narrative and the sermon as homily are discussed, showing the way in which they communicate and the literary genres on which they fit best. By choosing carefully a specific sermon form the preacher can make sure that the text will play a more forceful part in the sermon if both its form and its content are honoured, and that the sermon form will promote the communication process in a refreshing way.
Pieterse, Hendrik J. C. “The Grounded Theory Methodology to Conduct Content Analysis of Sermons and Interviews: Critique and Response.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 76, no. 1 (March 5, 2020): 5.
AbstractThe search for a good method to analyse sermon content (and the content of interview documents) has been prevailing since the past decades to evaluate current practice so as to construct better theories for practice. I think that we have found it in the methodology of inductive, qualitative research of the Grounded Theory methodology. In this article, I am going to use the Grounded Theory approach to describe the phases of qualitative empirical research, namely, literature study, sampling, open coding of the data, selective coding of additional new data and theoretical coding to be able to construct an emerging theory of praxis using the concepts developed for this specific action in our discipline. There are critical comments for this methodology. I will try to address these critical views and argue that the Grounded Theory is in line with the science of research.
Pieterse, Hendrik J. C. “Theoretical Strengthening of the Concept of Appealing in Analysed Sermons on Matthew 25:31-46 in the Context of Poverty in South Africa.” In Die Skriflig 47, no. 1 (August 2013).
AbstractFrom a qualitative grounded theory analysis in a sample of 26 sermons with Matthew 25:31–46 as sermon text, a rhetorical structure of how the preachers try to convince their listeners to care for the poor emerged. The homiletical concept of appealing related to all the categories borne out of the analysis of the inner world of the 26 sermons, and also to the categories showing this rhetorical structure in the sermons. The article discusses what the dimensions are in the concept of appealing borne out of the sermons in which the rhetorical structure was apparent, which rhetorical theory would fit as theoretical base for the concept of appealing in its relationship with the rhetorical structure in the sermons, and what dilemma the preachers face when they try to convince their listeners to participate in the care for the poor. The rhetorical theory of deliberative rhetoric (Aristotle) and the classical theory with the three dimensions logos, ethos and pathosis discussed in this article as theoretical thickening of the concept of appealing to the listeners of the sermons. This article attempts to demonstrate how to go about theorising from a grounded theory analysis of sermons with Matthew 25:31–46 as a sermon text with, as result, a theory that could help preachers in preaching from this text in the context of poverty in South Africa.
Vanuit ’n kwalitatief-gegronde teorie-ontleding (grounded theory analysis) van 26 preke met Matteus 25:31–46 as preekteks, het ’n retoriese struktuur na vore gekom waarmee predikers hulle toehoorders wil oorreed om armes te versorg. Die homiletiese konsep van appèl, hou verband met al die kategorieë wat uit die inhoudsanalise van die binnewêreld van die 26 preke na vore gekom het, asook die kategorieë waarin die retoriese struktuur sigbaar is. Die artikel bespreek die dimensies in die konsep van appèl wat na vore kom uit die preke waarin die retoriese struktuur duidelik is, welke retoriese teorie as teoretiese basis kan dien vir die konsep van appèl in verband met die retoriese struktuur in die preke, asook teenoor welke dilemma die predikers te staan kom wanneer hulle probeer om hulle hoorders te oorreed om vir armes te versorg. Die deliberatiewe retoriese teorie van Aristoteles en die klassieke teorie met die dimensieslogos, etos en pathos word in die artikel bespreek as teoretiese versterking vir die konsep van appèl op die toehoorders van die preek. Die artikel poog om aan te toon hoe ’n mens teoretisering vanuit ’n gegronde teorie-ontleding van preke met Matteus 25:31–46 as preekteks kan aanpak, met as resultaat, ’n teorie waarmee predikers gehelp word om in die armoedekonteks van Suid-Afrika te preek.
Pieterse, Hendrik J. C. Preaching in a Context of Poverty. Pretoria: Unisa Press, 2001.
AbstractAll South Africans are free under the new political dispensation. But there is one enormous problem which makes it impossible for most people in this country to achieve and enjoy a good life. This obstacle is the problem of poverty.
Pieterse, Hendrik J. C., ed. Desmond Tutu’s Message: A Qualitative Analysis. Theologie & Empirie 5. Kampen: Kok Pharos Publishing House, 1995.
AbstractThe churches, with Archbishop Desmond Tutu in the forefront, played a remarkable role in the liberation of South Africa. This book offers a scholarly analysis of a selection of Tutu's sermons, speeches and statements over a period of fifteen years. The structure of argumentation in his sermons and speeches is explained, the striking dialogical style of communication of his prophetic preaching is displayed, and his success in motivating oppressed people to keep on hoping and to act in a peaceful way for liberation is discussed. Tutu has shown, by preaching in a prophetic mode during the dark days of apartheid, that the Christian religion is, indeed, a major motivational force for liberation. This analysis yields a handful of practical theological insights for the communication of the gospel.
Pieterse, Hennie J. C. “A Grounded Theory Approach to the Analysis of Sermons on Poverty: Congregational Projects as Social Capital.” Verbum et Ecclesia 33, no. 1 (May 2012): 7.
AbstractThis article reported on the second cycle (selective coding) of grounded theory research of sermons on poverty in the South African context, with Matthew 25:31-46 as the sermon text. The problem which the author was researching pertained to the question: How do congregations in the Dutch Reformed Church (Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk) and the Uniting Reformed Church handle the care for the poor in practice? A theoretical sample of congregations with outreach projects to the poor and humble was drawn. After the analysis of the sermons was conducted, the next question to be addressed was: What are the categories and properties of the projects by congregations as the how of the care for the poor? New thinking on the issue of preaching on poverty is necessary because homiletic literature in this field of preaching does not address the how question. The author therefore described a theoretical framework for the interpretation of the projects, as well as an anthropological view of the communication occurring on an equal footing, with the givers in the projects functioning as social capital and the receivers (the poor and humble) as the participants with their own responsibility and freedom. The classification of the projects in categories showed that a wide variety of different types of projects to the poor have emerged from the sermons.
Pieterse, Hennie J. C. “Die Dialektiek Tussen Leser En Teks: ’N Gesprek Oor Hermeneutiese Homiletiek.” Verbum et Ecclesia 31, no. 1 (April 2010): 6.
AbstractThe fundamentalist reaction to contemporary theological discourse in South Africa expresses the need for homiletics to give serious attention to the pre-understanding of our existential situation in order to understand the Biblical text for preaching. Empirical research shows that most preachers concentrate on exegesis in sermon preparation, but do not succeed in actualising the message of the text in their own context. In homiletics, the question still remains whether the own context of the reader of a Biblical text should be seen as an integral part of the hermeneutical-homiletical theory. This article argues that there is a creative tension between reader and Biblical text in the hermeneutical process of sermon preparation, provided the two are treated equally. Because either the text or the reader sometimes dominates the process of understanding, a choice is made for an equal dialectical weight of reader and text in hermeneutical-homiletics, referring to H-G. Gadamer and Paul Ricoeur as sources. This approach opens up the possibility of topical preaching as a result of a creative tension between reader and text in sermon preparation.
Pieterse, Hennie, and Cas Wepener. “Preaching: An Initial Theoretical Exploration.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 77, no. 2 (April 20, 2021): 8.
AbstractIn this article the event of preaching is explored by making use of both older and newer sources. Whilst taking cognisance of continuous contextual changes and developments within the discipline of Homiletics, core hermeneutical, theological and homiletical aspects of preaching are revisited. The aim of this exploration is to formulate a preliminary theory of preaching that can be revisited and revised as part of a larger empirical homiletical investigation which makes use of Grounded Theory. Contribution: This article adheres to the journal’s scope and vision by its focus on a theoretical reflection on the practice of preaching at the intersection of theology, hermeneutics and homiletics.
Quashi, John A., and Mark S. Aidoo. Biblical Preaching In A Contemporary African Setting: An Introduction. Tema: Kabkork, 2018.
AbstractThe relevancy of a given text to contemporary life is the thrust of this article. The writer pays attention to the hermeneutical process by which Africans come to apply the Areopagus speech to everyday life. He shows how African scholars seartch for relevancy in a text while N. Atlantic/ Westem scholars concem themselves with historical-critical questions. "Since Africans are much "religious" like those in Athens addressing the Gospel must start from wherever they happen to be. In modem Africa the educated must be reached with the Gospel. We must engage in top-down approach to missions and evangelism.
Reinecke, Hannes, and Julian C. Müller. “Prediking as Pastorale Uitnodiging Tot Deelname: ’N Kultureel-Linguistiese Beskouing.” Preaching as a pastoral invitation to participate: A cultural-linguistic view. 66, no. 2 (August 2010): 3.
AbstractAs a practical theologian, the author of this article adopts a social-constructionist approach, namely Lindbeck's cultural-linguistic method, which focuses on narratives and grammar as vehicles of identity, and individuals' choice to be part of a group by accepting the group's traditions. This article discusses preaching as a pastoral action by examining the specific role that preaching has to fulfil in order to be pastoral within a cultural-linguistic model. The role of narratives, the Bible, the context of the group and individual, and the tradition of the group are also discussed. The article concludes by citing two specific homiletic proposals for narrative pastoral preaching.
Reinhardt, Bruno. “The Pedagogies of Preaching: Skill, Performance, and Charisma in a Pentecostal Bible School from Ghana.” Journal of Religion in Africa 47, no. 1 (2017): 72–107.
AbstractThis article investigates Pentecostal preaching from a pedagogical angle, more exactly from the point of view of its transmission to apprentice pastors in a Ghanaian seminary or Bible school. My concern is the reproduction of a specific preaching style in this institution, an “international” one, governed by explicit and implicit norms. I revisit ethnographically some of these norms as they are conveyed and embodied through lectures about preaching, devotional routines, and student services. I call attention to the emic notion of “flow”, arguing that it lends good legibility to how Pentecostals articulate the multivalent status of preaching as a mimetic skill, a contingent performance, and an authentic expression of charisma. By doing so, flow also provides an interesting entry into the pedagogical dimension of the power assembling and expanding this organization transnationally.
Rensburg, J. Janse van. Narrative Preaching: Theory and Praxis of a New Way of Preaching. Acta Theologica Supplementum 4. Bloemfontein: Publications Office of the University of the Free State, 2003.
AbstractIntroduction: Perhaps the title is misleading. It may create the impression that narrative preaching is a never-before-discovered new method of communicating the gospel of salvation. Of course, stories have been used in sermons for a very long time. Narrative preaching as an art form is in itself a much-discussed and -published theme in the field of homiletics. Yet, in many ways, it is new. Compared to other forms of preaching such as expository preaching, thematic preaching and the homily, the narrative sermon is less used. As such, it does represent a new way of preaching formany. Furthermore, it is also new because it is only now receiving the attention it deserves in the South African context, and particularly in theDutch Reformed Church. While narrative preaching has been acknowledged in academic circles for some time, a handful of preachers have only recently become aware of the many possibilities of this form of preaching.The author is one example. He has been a minister for over thirty years,and although he used stories as illustrations, he never once preached a narrative sermon (per definition). From an academic point of view, he had read about the narrative, but only when he was asked to give a seminar on narrative preaching did serious research follow. This research had two important consequences. First, it led to the preparation of a scientific article, then it got “out of hand” and ended up as a book. Secondly, the research forced the author to prepare and deliver narrative sermons in order to test the basic theory in practice. This adventure brought new dimensions to the author’s repertoire and method of preaching. It is hoped that the reader will be inspired to become aware of the possibilitiespresented by narrative sermons, and that the book will also make the reader aware of the fact that narrative preaching is a difficult art form. Much dedication and practice will make narrative sermons strikingly effective. Last, but not least, it is hoped that the book will assist preachers in their discovery of how to preach narrative sermons. May God bless your preaching ministry!
Rooy, H. F. van. “Messiasverwagting en prediking uit die Ou Testament.” In die Skriflig 39, no. 3 (2005): 615–30.
AbstractIn the recent past, the issue of the Messiah in the OT received a considerable amount of attention in South Africa, particularly in the circles of the Gereformeerde Kerke van Suid-Afrika (the Reformed Churches of South Africa). The debate focused on the question regarding the Messiah in the Psalms, this occasioned by the new version of the Psalter in Afrikaans, published in 2001. Similar questions were raised regarding the earlier new Afrikaans translation of the Bible of 1983. The controversy relates to the broader question of the relationship between the OT and the NT. V.R.'s article, for its part, addresses a related matter, i.e., Christological preaching on the basis of the OT. Having described the background of the problem, v.R. proceeds to formulate some relevant principles to be kept in mind in such preaching, and then illustrates their application via a discussion of four examples taken from the Book of Haggai. [Abstracted by: Christopher T. Begg] Abstract Number: OTA30-2007-FEB-268
Ross, Kenneth R. “Preaching in Mainstream Christian Churches in Malawi: A Survey and Analysis.” Journal of Religion in Africa 25, no. 1 (February 1995): 3–24.
AbstractThis paper examines the message being preached in Malawi's mainstream churches, viz. the Presbyterian, Anglican and Roman Catholic churches, and its effects in people's lives. Five aims were set: to ascertain the characteristic emphases of contemporary preaching in the mainstream churches and assess their significance; to examine the interface between traditional African beliefs and Christianity; to explore the attitudes of the mainstream churches towards the African indigenous (or independent) churches; to assess to what extent the Christian profession of the people is a matter of outward assent or inward commitment; to consider how far the message of the mainstream churches is community-strengthening and nation-building or how far it is restricted to the sphere of private morality and spirituality. Data are from a nationwide survey of sermons preached in mainstream churches in 1990-1992, and interviews held with both preachers and church members in 1991-1992. Ref.
Schulze, L. F. “Calvin on Preaching.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 54, no. 1/2 (December 12, 1998): 50–59.
AbstractAfter introducing the congregation of Geneva to whom Calvin preached, the topic of this paper is discussed under the headings of three questions namely: Why did he preach? How did he preach? and, What did he preach? By answering these questions Calvin's view on preaching is elucidated.
Seo, Jima, and Johann-Albrecht Meylahn. “Redemptive-Historical Narrative Preaching as a Homiletical Alternative for Preaching on Suffering.” HTS Theological Studies 77, no. 4 (August 2021): 8.
AbstractHumans live by experiencing various types of sufferings, directly or indirectly. For this reason, it is evident that one of the topics of great interest in congregations is the question of suffering. This study aims to present redemptive-historical narrative preaching as a homiletical strategy for preaching on suffering. Redemptive-historical narrative preaching can be a homiletical alternative for preaching on suffering because it improves the weaknesses of the traditional homiletic and new homiletic and further develops their strengths. In this study, we will identify the main problems of preaching on suffering in Korean churches. Then, we will discuss redemptive-historical preaching and narrative preaching, which form the foundation of redemptive-historical narrative preaching. Finally, we will propose and explain the redemptive-historical narrative preaching in detail and why it is suitable to respond to contexts of suffering within congregations.
Contribution: Redemptive-historical narrative preaching has greater significance, not only in terms of overcoming the limitations of redemptive-historical preaching and narrative preaching but also in maximising the advantages of both. This research would contribute to the field of homiletics of the Hervormde Teologiese Studies journal.
Shorter, Aylward. “Homiletics and Preaching in Africa.” In Concise Encyclopedia of Preaching, edited by William H. Willimon and Richard Lischer, 229–31. Louisville: Westminister John Knox Press, 1995.
AbstractAbstract In their effort to contribute to Islamic reform in Niamey, young Salafi (Sunnance) have embraced preaching and have made it part of their religious practice. As preachers or audience members, they invest time and energy to imagine various ways to popularize the Sunna, the tradition of the prophet Muhammad. Because of the jokes, mimicry, and theatrics that characterize their preaching style, their critics have rejected their initiatives, claiming they are unqualified and therefore should not be allowed to preach. In response, Sunnance have argued that an effective sermon (wazu) requires art, skills, ingenuity and know-how (iyawa, hikma in Hausa). By examining how aesthetics are central to Sunnance popular and street preaching, this article invites a reexamination of Salafism through its aesthetic forms. Wazu is not just a gathering that seeks to deliver a message, be it divine; it is also a way to promote religiosity through particular cultural and aesthetic performances.
Tarr, Del H. “Narrative: Tripping the Memory Banks of the Audience.” Trinity Journal 33, no. 2 (2012): 247–56.
AbstractSermons lend themselves to ambiguous identification in the study of religions. On the one hand, they are easily recognisable practices, delivered on particular days of the week, or when special occasions or needs arise. They are usually given in clearly defined places at clearly defined times. They are given by designated or recognized individuals that vary according to the respective religious traditions. On the other hand, sermons are speech performances that may and often do vary from one occasion to the next. While prone to a certain formalism, sermon speech acts are open to variation from time to time, and from preacher to preacher. To extend the possibilities offered by sermons for reflection and analysis, I explore some of the theoretical insights suggested for sermons in ritual studies and from the history of sermons within religious traditions. There is no consensus within ritual studies, but there are some useful ideas and suggestions that cover and extend the practices and speech acts that constitute sermons. More significantly, I found the longue durée of the sermon in the Abrahamic traditions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam to be more resourceful. The historical view of the sermon in comparable religious traditions brings forth enduring elements such as reading texts, employing rhetoric, producing effects (including affect), signifying and challenging authority, and marking time and space. More than the theoretical models for rituals from anthropology and religious studies, this historical perspective brings out the value of the practices and speech elements that constitute sermons.
Tisdale, Leonora T., and Friedrich W. De Wet. “Contemporary Prophetic Preaching Theory in the United States of America and South Africa: A Comparative Study through the Lens of Shared Reformation Roots.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 70, no. 2 (February 2014): 8.
AbstractIn this article two homileticians – one from the United States of America (USA) and one from South Africa (SA) − enter into a dialog regarding how the task of prophetic preaching today might be revived, reframed and redefined in light of the Reformation principle of the viva vox Evangelii [living voice of the gospel]. Each author begins by summarising four contemporary approaches to prophetic preaching set forth by Reformed and Lutheran homiletical scholars in their respective contexts. Then each addresses the questions: Where do I particularly see Reformation themes and emphases at work in the work of these homileticians? And how might those Reformation emphases continue to challenge and reframe preaching practices today? Finally, each gives initial eflections on how a comparison between the perspectives deeens and expands his or her nderstanding of prophetic preaching and its role in church and society.
Van der Walt, A. G. P. “Calvin on Preaching.” In John Calvin’s Institutes: His Opus Magnum, 326–41. Potchefstroom: Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education, 1986.
Van der Walt, A. G. P. “John Calvin and the Reformation of Preaching.” In Our Reformational Tradition: A Rich Heritage and Lasting Vocation, 192–202. Potchefstroom: Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education, 1984.
AbstractIndien ons die uitspraak verneem dat ten minste 77% van die Suid-Afrikaanse bevolking hulle as Christene beskou, skep dit groot verwagtinge dat die prediking van die evangelie van Christus inderdaad van groot invloed kan wees. Indien ons hier byvoeg dat baie Christene in die geleentheid is om (sê) oor ’n periode van vyftig jaar (20-70 jaar) sowat 5 000 preke te kan hoor (teen honderd per jaar ), dan styg ons verwagtinge nog meer. Daarom is dit ’n baie pynlike bevinding om te moet hoor dat ondersoeke daarop dui dat die effek van die prediking soms baie gering is en dat dit min verandering teweegbring (Jonker, 1976 : 85 - 86).
Verhoef, Pieter A. “Eschatological Preaching.” Journal of Theology for Southern Africa 2 (March 1973): 23–29.
AbstractMany scholars have tended to take African Christianity as a given, and study its social, political, economic or ecological implications, without coming to terms with the nature and character of African Christian faith A knowledge of how faith is understood at the popular level and how it functions in personal, domestic, and communal life is essential to this task. In this context a significant contemporary Christian movement which has received little attention is studied in depth - revival meetings or crusades which are a regular and popular feature of urban life in Malawi.
Wepener, Cas J. “Preaching and Cartooning: An Exploration of the Processes Involved in Developing a Sermon and a Newspaper Cartoon.” Acta Theologica 35, no. 1 (June 2015): 223–37.
AbstractThis article explores the similarities and differences between the process followed to develop a sermon and that followed to develop a cartoon. It first examines the representation of the jester or clown in some recent publications by homileticians before describing the process of development of a sermon, as proposed by three homiletic sources from namely North America, South Africa and The Netherlands, respectively. The article describes the process followed in the development of a cartoon in a similar way. The article concludes by presenting some observations on the preacher as cartoonist with reference to the process followed in the development of a cartoon. It argues that the cartoonist may currently be viewed as a metaphor for a preacher that could enrich existing images of the preacher such as the clown or jester, especially because of the similarities in the processes for writing/preparing a sermon and drawing a cartoon.
Wepener, Cas J., and Hendrik J. C. Pieterse. “Angry Preaching: A Grounded Theory Analysis from South Africa.” International Journal of Public Theology 12, no. 3–4 (2018): 401–15.
AbstractExpressions of anger can be observed all over South Africa and by individuals and groups from different social, economic and racial backgrounds. In this article the argument is advanced that such expressions of anger can be expressions of love and signs of hope showing that people still care. Therefore, anger should not be avoided, but instead be embraced and channelled for positive ends. This article furthermore develops an argument in favour of the celebration of angry liturgies and the preaching of angry sermons as an integral part of the on-going road towards reconciliation and healing after apartheid in general and in particular it reflects on sermons preached in Afrikaans Reformed churches in South Africa on the theme of anger between 2010 and 2015. By means of content analysis, and specifically Grounded Theory, the collected sermons were analysed and a homiletical theory for praxis regarding angry preaching developed. In conclusion the theory for praxis is presented as homiletical route markers for angry preaching as one way of liturgically embracing and meaningfully channelling anger.
Wepener, Cas J., and Mirella Klomp. “D(i)e verhouding prediking, mus(z)iek en liturgie.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 71, no. 3 (August 2015): 8.
AbstractThe relationship between preaching, music and liturgy. In the Reformed liturgy in South Africa the sermon has traditionally been reserved a special place, taking precedence over the liturgy and music. In this article an argument is put forward for a better balance between preaching, liturgy and music in the Reformed liturgy in churches in South Africa. In order to do so, the South African Reformed liturgical context is briefly sketched and thereafter a theological and liturgical-historical argument is presented. Existing approaches with regard to the relationship between liturgy, music and preaching by some established scholars are discussed before the implications of the argument are examined in conclusion
Wessels, Gabriel F. “Exegesis and Proclamation: Ephesians 5:21-33.” Journal of Theology for Southern Africa 67 (June 1989): 67–75.
AbstractPreaching can rightly be called “foolishness”, an outdated form of communication and a feeble form of art. In democratic South Africa, preaching is certainly not assigned a place among the ranks of professions conveying “development”. Allan Boesak, however, has not been swayed by the excommunication of preaching since the dawn of democracy. In this article, I will contemplate Boesak’s fascination with preaching “Truth to power”. Boesak, as a son of liberation and Black theology, is known for aspiring to a new world through the biblical witness. In essence, preaching the biblical truths to power. Therefore, when academics contemplate the state of preaching and express concern with regards to how power operates in our society and faith communities, Boesak certainly has a contribution to make. I briefly examine how power operates in the South African society. Boesak’s publications and sermons are contemplated in the hope of uncovering his fascination with preaching truth to power. I conclude with some thoughts on how Boesak preaches truth to power for both the dismal state of preaching and how power operates in South Africa.
Wessels, Wessel. “On Justice and Beauty in Recent South African Homiletics: A Post-Colonial Reflection.” Acta Theologica 40, no. supplement 29 (November 2020): 176–94.
AbstractIn recent South African homiletics, two major themes have experienced overwhelming attention: prophetic preaching and aesthetics. Prophetic preaching endeavours to seek social, political, and economic justice. Aesthetic homiletics considers beauty for preaching. In this article, I grapple with the convergences and divergences of justice and beauty in South African homiletics. With the hope of opening new avenues for future endeavours, I also reflect on both prophetic preaching and aesthetic homiletics from a post-colonial perspective.
Wet, Chris L. de. “Domesticating Suffering in North Africa: Augustine and the Preaching of the Psalms on the Feast Days of the Martyrs.” Studia Historiae Ecclesiasticae 38, no. 1 (May 2012): 197–215.
AbstractThis article examines why Augustine cleansed his sermons on the Psalms on the feast days of the martyrs of graphic and vivid descriptions of suffering found in earlier martyr narratives, and looks at what replaced them. It is argued that Augustine "domesticates" suffering, and reconstructs the martyr narratives for a post-martyrdom Catholic Church, especially in response to dominant discourses active in the rival Donatist movement, which had effectively monopolised physical suffering. He does this via four discourses: a) The continuity of physical suffering from the early martyrs to the current Donatist martyrs present in the martyrologies assumes a claim on genealogy, which Augustine has to counter; b) There is a focus on the physical body of the martyr, with prurient and erotic detail in Donatist martyr stories, while Augustine proposes a new scopic economy, equally yet differently erotic, of "spiritual seeing"; c) The sacrifice of the martyr as atonement for sins stands out as a main point of difference between the Donatists and Augustine, and so Augustine develops one of the earliest psychotheologies of suicide; and d) Augustine provides a counter-discourse to a claim to mnemonic spatiality which provides the Donatists with healing and a sense of belonging and, most importantly, signifies a stance of purity over and against the Catholics. Finally, this article asks what the psychagogical effect of this domestication was on the everyday life of the Catholic Christians.
Wet, Fritz W. de, and Ferdi P. Kruger. “Blessed Are Those That Hunger and Thirst for Righteousness: Sharpening the Ethical Dimension of Prophetic Preaching in a Context of Corruption.” Verbum et Ecclesia 34, no. 1 (April 2013): 10.
AbstractThe prevalence of corruption has enormous negative consequences for the ideal of an orderly and peaceful society. Corruption does not only have a destructive impact on socio-economic life, but also on human relationships, value systems and vision for life. With this research the authors described the role of the ethical dimension of prophetic preaching in addressing the apparent lack of righteousness as it manifests in a context of corruption in the South African society. The problem field was explored with the focus on an apparent lack of vision and willingness to hunger and thirst for righteousness in the current manifestation of corruption in the South African society. Normative perspectives from Scripture (attempting to voice the impact of Jesus' words in the Beatitudes, with the focus on Matthew 5-6) were discussed. It is reasoned that Jesus' words pneumatologically proved to be essential in developing a sharpened and action-inducing vision of the righteousness of the kingdom of God breaking through in the praxis of a society struggling with the effects of corruption. The research culminated in the formulation of preliminary homiletic theory with a view to a vision for a kind of prophetic preaching that will be able to activate the consciousness of hungering and thirsting for the righteousness of God's kingdom and lead the believer in a life culminating in blessed nourishment. The ethical dimension of prophetic preaching is anchored in the eschatological sphere, aimed at making the perceiver conscious of the distinct presence of the King, calling his people to a blessed presence in this world and empowering them with his promise of restoration of an abundant life for all
Wet, Fritz W. de. “The DNA of Prophetic Speech.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 70, no. 2 (May 2014): 8.
AbstractHaving to speak words that can potentially abuse the divine connotation of prophetic speech for giving authority to the own manipulative intent poses a daunting challenge to preachers. The metaphorical images triggered by 'DNA' and 'genetic engineering' are deployed in illustrating the ambivalent position in which a prophetic preacher finds himself or herself; ambivalence between anticipation of regeneration at the deepest level of humanity on the one hand, and disquiet about the possibility of forcing a human being against his or her will into meeting certain prescribed expectations on the other hand. In reflecting on possible responses to this ambivalence, the theological positions of two prolific scholars in the research field of Homiletics, Gijs D.J. Dingemans and Charles L. Campbell, are critically considered from the point of view of the relationship between Christology and Pneumatology. In reflecting on theological markers for a sensible response, the author argues for a pneumatology in which the work of the Spirit consists of grafting the very DNA of our humanity and all its faculties into Christ, the only One who can open up the true life that is intended for humanity by divine grace. It will be in the very genes of a prophet to speak graceful words, because the prophet will have seen the wonder of the working of divine grace in his or her own life and will have embraced it willingly and joyfully.
Wheeler, Andrew C. “‘But God Is Not Defeated!’: Learning from the Sudanese Church.” Anvil 19, no. 1 (2002): 19–25.
AbstractDespite a context of struggle and persecution, the church in the Sudan has continued to grow, both spiritually and numerically. The author, who has spent several years living and working in Sudan with the Church Mission Society, reflects on what Christians worldwide might learn from the experience of the Sudanese church. "But God is not defeated!" is the refrain famous in Sudan as used by Ezra Lawiri. He is a Bible translator, scholar, pastor, friend and counselor to several generations of Sudanese Christians.
Wyk, I. W. C. van. “Die prediking oor die eindoordeel.” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 52, no. 2/3 (December 12, 1996): 201–31.
AbstractPreaching on the last judgement .This article deplores the fact that the theologumenon 'last judgement' has become a museum piece. It seeks to stimulate a new debate on this topic. The author is convinced that this theologumenon is a central topic of the Jewish-Christian" religion and should therefore be actualised in such a way that it again can become part of the living faith of the church. The author enters into discussion with Moltmann about God's actions in this world, with Pannenberg about the criterion of the judgement and with Kung about eternal punishment.
Yamsat, Pandang. “How Expository Preaching Can Bring about the Transformation of African Society.” Practical Theology (Baptist College of Theology, Lagos) 3 (2010): 7–28.
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